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Interleukin-7 and Vaccine Therapy in Treating Patients With Metastatic Melanoma

2014-08-27 03:54:04 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Interleukin-7 may stimulate a person's white blood cells to kill tumor cells. Vaccines made from peptides may make the body build an immune response to kill tumor cells. Combining interleukin-7 with vaccine therapy may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of interleukin-7 when given with vaccine therapy in treating patients with metastatic melanoma.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

- Determine the maximum tolerated dose of interleukin-7 (IL-7) when administered with melanoma peptide vaccine emulsified in Montanide ISA-51 in patients with metastatic melanoma.

- Determine the safety of this regimen in these patients.

Secondary

- Determine the biological effects of this regimen on T-cell function and phenotype at various doses and at the optimal biological dose in these patients.

- Determine the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic characteristics of IL-7 in patients treated with this regimen.

- Determine the antitumor effects of IL-7, in terms of a dose-escalation strategy, in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of interleukin-7 (IL-7).

Patients receive IL-7 subcutaneously (SC) on days 0, 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, and 21. Patients also receive melanoma peptide vaccine comprising gp100 antigen and MART-1 antigen emulsified in Montanide ISA-51 SC on days 0, 7, 14, and 21 in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of IL-7 until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity. After the MTD is determined, an additional 13 patients are treated at that dose level.

Patients are followed at 1, 2, and 5 weeks, at 3 and 6 months, and then at 1 year.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 3-37 patients will be accrued for this study within 1-12.3 months.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Melanoma (Skin)

Intervention

MART-1 antigen, gp100 antigen, incomplete Freund's adjuvant, recombinant interleukin-7

Location

Warren Grant Magnuson Clinical Center - NCI Clinical Studies Support
Bethesda
Maryland
United States
20892-1182

Status

Completed

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:54:04-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A melanosome-specific protein that plays a role in the expression, stability, trafficking, and processing of GP100 MELANOMA ANTIGEN, which is critical to the formation of Stage II MELANOSOMES. The protein is used as an antigen marker for MELANOMA cells.

Substances that augment, stimulate, activate, potentiate, or modulate the immune response at either the cellular or humoral level. The classical agents (Freund's adjuvant, BCG, Corynebacterium parvum, et al.) contain bacterial antigens. Some are endogenous (e.g., histamine, interferon, transfer factor, tuftsin, interleukin-1). Their mode of action is either non-specific, resulting in increased immune responsiveness to a wide variety of antigens, or antigen-specific, i.e., affecting a restricted type of immune response to a narrow group of antigens. The therapeutic efficacy of many biological response modifiers is related to their antigen-specific immunoadjuvanticity.

An antigen solution emulsified in mineral oil. The complete form is made up of killed, dried mycobacteria, usually M. tuberculosis, suspended in the oil phase. It is effective in stimulating cell-mediated immunity (IMMUNITY, CELLULAR) and potentiates the production of certain IMMUNOGLOBULINS in some animals. The incomplete form does not contain mycobacteria.

The process by which antigen is presented to lymphocytes in a form they can recognize. This is performed by antigen presenting cells (APCs). Some antigens require processing before they can be recognized. Antigen processing consists of ingestion and partial digestion of the antigen by the APC, followed by presentation of fragments on the cell surface. (From Rosen et al., Dictionary of Immunology, 1989)

An inhibitory T CELL receptor that is closely related to CD28 ANTIGEN. It has specificity for CD80 ANTIGEN and CD86 ANTIGEN and acts as a negative regulator of peripheral T cell function. CTLA-4 antigen is believed to play role in inducing PERIPHERAL TOLERANCE.

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