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The main purpose of this research study is to determine if a vaccine made from a patient's lung cancer tumor cells will be effective in making the cancer shrink or disappear. The vaccine will be given by itself to some patients, while other patients will get the vaccine with cyclophosphamide (a type of chemotherapy). Studies in animals and other cancer vaccine trials suggest that cyclophosphamide may make tumor vaccines more potent. This study will try to determine if vaccine given with or without this chemotherapy is effective in destroying lung cancer cells. Additionally, the study will collect information on vaccine safety, both with and without chemotherapy, and whether the vaccine improves lung cancer-related symptoms (e.g., shortness of breath).
Tumors from surgical resection will be processed and made into a vaccine. Prior to treatment, patients will be randomized equally to one of two treatment groups, Cohort A and Cohort B. Patients in Cohort A will be treated with CG8123 vaccine only and patients in Cohort B will be treated with CG8123 vaccine plus a single dose of cyclophosphamide administered one day prior to the first, third, and fifth vaccine treatments. Patients will receive intradermal (beneath the skin) vaccine injections every two weeks for up to eight weeks, for a total of up to five vaccine treatments. The duration of this study, including active follow up, is approximately two years. After this, patients will be followed-up yearly for a total of 15 years.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:54:09-0400
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cisplatin, etoposide, and cyclophosphamide, work in different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining m...
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more tumor cells. It is not ye...
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Com...
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of cyclophosphamide versus placebo for the prevention and progression of symptomatic pulmonary disease in patients with systemic sclerosis.
Amrubicin has shown single-agent activity in lung cancer. The combination of cyclophosphamide and anthracyclines has been studied and concluded that the combination was tolerable, could b...
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Precursor of an alkylating nitrogen mustard antineoplastic and immunosuppressive agent that must be activated in the LIVER to form the active aldophosphamide. It has been used in the treatment of LYMPHOMA and LEUKEMIA. Its side effect, ALOPECIA, has been used for defleecing sheep. Cyclophosphamide may also cause sterility, birth defects, mutations, and cancer.
Tumors or cancer of the LUNG.
Malignant neoplasm arising from the epithelium of the BRONCHI. It represents a large group of epithelial lung malignancies which can be divided into two clinical groups: SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER and NON-SMALL-CELL LUNG CARCINOMA.
Nuclear phosphoprotein encoded by the p53 gene (GENES, P53) whose normal function is to control CELL PROLIFERATION and APOPTOSIS. A mutant or absent p53 protein has been found in LEUKEMIA; OSTEOSARCOMA; LUNG CANCER; and COLORECTAL CANCER.
A heterogeneous aggregate of at least three distinct histological types of lung cancer, including SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA; ADENOCARCINOMA; and LARGE CELL CARCINOMA. They are dealt with collectively because of their shared treatment strategy.
A vaccine is a biological preparation that improves immunity to a particular disease. A vaccine typically contains an agent that resembles a disease-causing microorganism, and is often made from weakened or killed forms of the microbe, its toxins or one ...
Lung cancer is the uncontrolled cell growth in tissues of the lung. Originating in the lungs, this growth may invade adjacent tissues and infiltrate beyond the lungs. Lung cancer, the most common cause of cancer-related death in men and women, is respons...