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For children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD, also known as Pervasive Developmental Disorders - PDDs), repetitive behaviors are common and frequently interfere with functioning in the home as well as in social and educational settings. These behaviors may involve repetitive movements, rigid routines, repetitive play, and even repetitive speech. These behaviors may be associated with high levels of anxiety, severe tantrums. Self-injury can occur when these behaviors and routines are interrupted.
Participants will be randomly assigned to receive citalopram or placebo (administered as liquid), and carefully followed every two weeks. At the end of 12 weeks, children who have responded to treatment will be given the opportunity to continue in the study, with monthly visits, for an additional 24 weeks. Children who received placebo and did not respond to treatment at 12 weeks will be given the opportunity to receive a carefully monitored 12 week course of citalopram.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment
UCLA Neuropsychiatric Institute
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:54:16-0400
Escitalopram (Lexapro) and citalopram (Celexa) are similar selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors that alter blood flow to the amygdala and other brain structures involved in regulating m...
The primary objective is to demonstrate whether the addition of pipamperone 5 mg twice daily (bd) to citalopram, 40 mg daily in patients suffering from MDD will improve the efficacy of cit...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether the Erchonia EAL Laser is effective in the treatment of irritability associated with autistic disorder in children and adolescents aged fi...
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Social difficulties of autistic individuals have been suggested to be caused by mind blindness, the absence of a theory of mind. Numerous studies have investigated theory of mind in autism spectrum di...
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Anxiety is a major associated feature of autism spectrum disorders. The incidence of anxiety symptoms in this population has been associated with altered interoceptive processing. Here, we investigate...
A disorder beginning in childhood. It is marked by the presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a markedly restricted repertoire of activity and interest. Manifestations of the disorder vary greatly depending on the developmental level and chronological age of the individual. (DSM-IV)
A childhood disorder predominately affecting boys and similar to autism (AUTISTIC DISORDER). It is characterized by severe, sustained, clinically significant impairment of social interaction, and restricted repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior. In contrast to autism, there are no clinically significant delays in language or cognitive development. (From DSM-IV)
An inherited neurological developmental disorder that is associated with X-LINKED INHERITANCE and may be lethal in utero to hemizygous males. The affected female is normal until the age of 6-25 months when progressive loss of voluntary control of hand movements and communication skills; ATAXIA; SEIZURES; autistic behavior; intermittent HYPERVENTILATION; and HYPERAMMONEMIA appear. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p199)
The ability to attribute mental states (e.g., beliefs, desires, feelings, intentions, thoughts, etc.) to self and to others, allowing an individual to understand and infer behavior on the basis of the mental states. Difference or deficit in theory of mind is associated with ASPERGER SYNDROME; AUTISTIC DISORDER; and SCHIZOPHRENIA, etc.
A furancarbonitrile that is one of the SEROTONIN UPTAKE INHIBITORS used as an antidepressant. The drug is also effective in reducing ethanol uptake in alcoholics and is used in depressed patients who also suffer from tardive dyskinesia in preference to tricyclic antidepressants, which aggravate this condition.
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...
Neurology - Central Nervous System (CNS)
Alzheimer's Disease Anesthesia Anxiety Disorders Autism Bipolar Disorders Dementia Epilepsy Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Neurology Pain Parkinson's Disease Sleep Disorders Neurology is the branch of me...
Autism affects half a million people in the UK. Men are affected more than women. People with autism have said that the world, to them, is a mass of people, places and events which they struggle to make sense of, and which can cause them considerable a...