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STR (Skeletal Targeted Radiotherapy, 166Ho-DOTMP) is an investigational radiopharmaceutical that delivers radiation directly to cancer cells in the bone and bone marrow. Conventional methods of delivering radiation therapy, such as total body irradiation, expose non-target tissues to radiation and cause serious side effects. In contrast, STR's targeted approach to delivering radiotherapy concentrates the radiation where it is needed, and minimizes exposure of normal tissues.
STR is composed of a bone-targeting molecule, DOTMP, in a stable complex with the radionuclide holmium-166. When injected into a patient's bloodstream, STR rapidly binds to bone mineral, delivering a brief, intense dose of radiation to destroy cancer cells in the bone and marrow. The high-energy and long path-length of holmium-166 beta particles provide optimal penetration and uniform irradiation of disease sites in the marrow and bone. STR that does not bind to bone is rapidly eliminated through the urinary tract. STR treatment is followed by autologous stem cell transplantation. The short half-life of holmium-166 allows treatment on an out-patient basis, and minimizes the time required between STR administration and transplantation.
The phase III study of STR is a multi-center, randomized, controlled study, designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of STR in patients with primary refractory multiple myeloma. These are patients who have failed to achieve at least a partial response to conventional therapy and have been undergoing treatment for less than 18 months. The trial is expected to enroll approximately 240 evaluable patients, half on the experimental arm and half on the control arm. Patients on the experimental arm will receive STR at a dose of 750 mCi/m2 plus the chemotherapy drug melphalan at 200 mg/m2, followed by autologous stem cell transplantation. Patients on the control arm will receive melphalan only, followed by transplantation. Patients on both study arms will be evaluated for response to treatment six months after transplantation, using an immunofixation assay to detect myeloma protein in patient samples. Analysis of patient samples will be conducted at a central laboratory, and blinded results will be reviewed by an independent panel of experts. The study's primary endpoint is complete response, as determined by the complete disappearance of myeloma protein at six months post-transplant.
1.To determine the efficacy of STR (166Ho-DOTMP). The primary endpoint of this study is to compare the CR rate at 6 months post-transplant (in the absence of further therapy) in subjects with primary refractory multiple myeloma after treatment with 750 mCi/m2 166Ho-DOTMP plus 200 mg/m2 melphalan followed by autologous PBSCT to treatment with 200 mg/m2 melphalan alone followed by autologous PBSCT.
1. To compare the treatment groups with respect to survival and progression-free survival.
2. To compare treatment groups with respect to overall response rate (CR+VGPR+PR), best response within 6 months, and duration of response.
3. To compare the safety profile of the treatment groups.
4. To assess the biodistribution and estimated radiation absorbed dose to kidney in the first 20 subjects.
METHODOLOGY: Informed consent for participation in the study will be obtained, eligibility determined, and the subject registered. All subjects will receive a tracer dose of 30 mCi 166Ho-DOTMP to determine skeletal uptake and biodistribution of 166Ho-DOTMP therapy. Subjects may receive a therapy dose only if 1) the tracer dose shows no aberrant distribution, and 2) if the skeletal residence time is at least 5.8 hours (equivalent to F x Te > 4 hr). Subjects with adequate skeletal uptake and no aberrant distribution will be stratified based on the length of time since first induction therapy, and on response to prior therapy, and will undergo randomization to determine whether they will receive 166Ho DOTMP plus melphalan (Arm A) or melphalan alone (Arm B) as the conditioning regimen prior to autologous PBSCT.
Subjects randomized to Arm A will be treated with 750 mCi/m2 166Ho DOTMP intravenously 4 to 12 days after the tracer dose, with a total dosage not to exceed 1500 mCi. Five to 9 days after the 166Ho-DOTMP therapy dose, subjects will receive 200 mg/m2 melphalan IV.
Subjects randomized to Arm B will receive 200 mg/m2 melphalan at least 10 days and no more than 3 weeks after the tracer dose.
For all patients, cryopreserved hematopoietic stem cells will be infused 24 to 48 hours after melphalan. Subjects will be followed for safety assessments for 10 years or until death. Efficacy will be evaluated for up to 3 years in responding subjects, and disease relapse or progression and survival will be documented until Year 10.
An analysis to estimate radiation dose to the kidney will be performed in the first 20 patients. Additionally, after 6 months of follow-up have been completed on the first 20 subjects in each arm, an analysis of the CR rate will be conducted to rule out lack of efficacy of 166Ho-DOTMP. A planned interim analysis to determine the efficacy of the treatment will be performed when 60 patients on each arm have completed 6 months of follow-up. Enrollment on trial will continue while these interim analyses are performed.
NUMBER OF SUBJECTS: Two hundred and forty subjects who meet the eligibility criteria and receive study treatment will be followed on this protocol.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
STR(TM) (Skeletal Targeted Radiotherapy, Holmium-166-DOTMP)
University of Alabama
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:54:23-0400
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Radiotherapy where cytotoxic radionuclides are linked to antibodies in order to deliver toxins directly to tumor targets. Therapy with targeted radiation rather than antibody-targeted toxins (IMMUNOTOXINS) has the advantage that adjacent tumor cells, which lack the appropriate antigenic determinants, can be destroyed by radiation cross-fire. Radioimmunotherapy is sometimes called targeted radiotherapy, but this latter term can also refer to radionuclides linked to non-immune molecules (see RADIOTHERAPY).
An asymptomatic and slow-growing PLASMA CELL dyscrasia characterized by presence of MYELOMA PROTEINS and clonal bone marrow plasma cells without end-organ damage (e.g., renal impairment). It is distinguished from MONOCLONAL GAMMOPATHY OF UNDETERMINED SIGNIFICANCE by a much higher risk of progression to symptomatic MULTIPLE MYELOMA.
A rare, aggressive variant of MULTIPLE MYELOMA characterized by the circulation of excessive PLASMA CELLS in the peripheral blood. It can be a primary manifestation of multiple myeloma or develop as a terminal complication during the disease.
Abnormal immunoglobulins characteristic of MULTIPLE MYELOMA.
Holmium. An element of the rare earth family of metals. It has the atomic symbol Ho, atomic number 67, and atomic weight 164.93.
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