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Docetaxel Plus Garlic in Treating Patients With Locally Advanced or Metastatic Breast Cancer

2014-08-27 03:54:32 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as docetaxel, work in different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. It is not yet known whether garlic supplements affect the ability of docetaxel to kill tumor cells.

PURPOSE: This clinical trial is studying how well giving docetaxel together with garlic works in treating patients with locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

- Determine the clinical pharmacokinetic behavior of docetaxel with and without garlic tablets in patients with locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer.

- Determine the toxicity of this regimen in these patients.

Secondary

- Determine the incidence of enzyme and transporter polymorphism in patients treated with this regimen.

OUTLINE: This is a pilot, open-label study.

Patients receive docetaxel IV over 60 minutes on days 1, 8, and 15. Treatment repeats every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. On days 5-17 of course 1, patients receive oral garlic twice daily. Patients have the option of continuing garlic tablets as long as they remain on study.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 9-12 patients will be accrued for this study within 6 months.

Study Design

Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Breast Cancer

Intervention

garlic, docetaxel

Location

Warren Grant Magnuson Clinical Center - NCI Clinical Studies Support
Bethesda
Maryland
United States
20892-1182

Status

Completed

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:54:32-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Abnormal accumulation of lymph in the arm, shoulder and breast area associated with surgical or radiation breast cancer treatments (e.g., MASTECTOMY).

Metastatic breast cancer characterized by EDEMA and ERYTHEMA of the affected breast due to LYMPHATIC METASTASIS and eventual obstruction of LYMPHATIC VESSELS by the cancer cells.

A infiltrating (invasive) breast cancer, relatively uncommon, accounting for only 5%-10% of breast tumors in most series. It is often an area of ill-defined thickening in the breast, in contrast to the dominant lump characteristic of ductal carcinoma. It is typically composed of small cells in a linear arrangement with a tendency to grow around ducts and lobules. There is likelihood of axillary nodal involvement with metastasis to meningeal and serosal surfaces. (DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1205)

A deoxycytidine derivative and fluorouracil PRODRUG that is used as an ANTINEOPLASTIC ANTIMETABOLITE in the treatment of COLON CANCER; BREAST CANCER and GASTRIC CANCER.

Carbohydrate antigen elevated in patients with tumors of the breast, ovary, lung, and prostate as well as other disorders. The mucin is expressed normally by most glandular epithelia but shows particularly increased expression in the breast at lactation and in malignancy. It is thus an established serum marker for breast cancer.

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