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Osteoporosis affects millions of postmenopausal women in the USA. The current approved treatments are all drugs that prevent bone loss and possibly result in small gains in bone mass. Another possible treatment consists of drugs that increase bone formation. There are currently two drugs that stimulate bone formation, sodium fluoride and human parathyroid hormone (hPTH). Neither of these two drugs has been approved by the FDA. APOMINE has shown significant bone formation in animal studies. In this study we plan to test whether APOMINE is able to stimulate new bone formation in women with osteoporosis or low bone mass.
This study is a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, parallel-group study to investigate the efficacy and safety of administering 3 dose levels of APOMINE at 25, 50, or 100 mg/day or placebo once a day as a capsule to postmenopausal women with low bone mass or osteoporosis. Eligible patients must be women between 45 and 75 years of age, have a diagnosed low bone mineral density or osteoporosis, and be at least 3 years post menopause. The primary endpoint of the study will be changes in bone formation markers (bone alkaline phosphatase and osteocalcin). The secondary endpoint of the study will be changes in bone formation markers (bone alkaline phosphatase, osteocalcin, and P-ICP) and bone resorption markers (serum C-telopeptide, urinary N-telopeptide). Blood samples will be drawn at each study visit to determine these bone markers as well as for normal laboratory tests. Bone mineral density measurements (DEXA) will be performed at the beginning and at the end of the study. Up to 60 subjects will be randomized as a cohort for treatment and treated with 25, 50, or 100 mg/day or placebo (15 subjects per group). All enrolled subjects will receive a daily calcium and Vitamin D supplement.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:54:33-0400
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Reduction of bone mass without alteration in the composition of bone, leading to fractures. Primary osteoporosis can be of two major types: postmenopausal osteoporosis (OSTEOPOROSIS, POSTMENOPAUSAL) and age-related or senile osteoporosis.
A nonhormonal medication for the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis in women. This drug builds healthy bone, restoring some of the bone loss as a result of osteoporosis.
The mineral component of bones and teeth; it has been used therapeutically as a prosthetic aid and in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis.
Breaks in bones resulting from low bone mass and microarchitectural deterioration characteristic of OSTEOPOROSIS.
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