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Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disorder. In this disease, the body's immune system attacks and destroys the cells that cover and protect nerves. This study will test the safety of a new drug called RG2077 that is designed to treat MS. The study will not determine whether RG2077 is effective in treating MS, only whether it is safe to use in patients with MS.
Study hypothesis: RG2077 will arrest SLE if administered early in the course of MS and decrease accumulation of lesions on MRI.
Effective treatment of autoimmune disorders is likely to arise not from improved immunosuppression, but from improved understanding of the normal mechanisms that generate and maintain self-tolerance. RG2077 may block a T cell costimulation pathway central to the pathophysiology of MS. A total of 20 patients with MS will be enrolled in this study. Each patient participates in the study for 4 months.
The dose-escalation portion of this study evaluated the safety of a single infusion of RG2077 (CTLA4-IgG4m) in 16 patients with MS and is now complete. Patients who participated in the single infusion portion of the study were assigned to one of four groups. Each group received a different dose of RG2077. The second portion of the study will evaluate the safety of 4 doses of RG2077 in 4 additional patients. In the multiple infusion portion of the study, all patients will receive the same dose of RG2077. Patients will be monitored for possible side effects of RG2077.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Dose Comparison, Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Brigham and Women's Hospital/Harvard Medical School
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:54:38-0400
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Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a neuroinflammatory and neurodegenerative disease. Over time, symptoms accumulate leading to increased disability of patients.
A form of multiple sclerosis characterized by a progressive deterioration in neurologic function which is in contrast to the more typical relapsing remitting form. If the clinical course is free of distinct remissions, it is referred to as primary progressive multiple sclerosis. When the progressive decline is punctuated by acute exacerbations, it is referred to as progressive relapsing multiple sclerosis. The term secondary progressive multiple sclerosis is used when relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis evolves into the chronic progressive form. (From Ann Neurol 1994;36 Suppl:S73-S79; Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp903-914)
A non-glycosylated form of interferon beta-1 that has a serine at position 17. It is used in the treatment of both RELAPSING-REMITTING MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS and CHRONIC PROGRESSIVE MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS.
An autoimmune disorder mainly affecting young adults and characterized by destruction of myelin in the central nervous system. Pathologic findings include multiple sharply demarcated areas of demyelination throughout the white matter of the central nervous system. Clinical manifestations include visual loss, extra-ocular movement disorders, paresthesias, loss of sensation, weakness, dysarthria, spasticity, ataxia, and bladder dysfunction. The usual pattern is one of recurrent attacks followed by partial recovery (see MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, RELAPSING-REMITTING), but acute fulminating and chronic progressive forms (see MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, CHRONIC PROGRESSIVE) also occur. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p903)
The most common clinical variant of MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, characterized by recurrent acute exacerbations of neurologic dysfunction followed by partial or complete recovery. Common clinical manifestations include loss of visual (see OPTIC NEURITIS), motor, sensory, or bladder function. Acute episodes of demyelination may occur at any site in the central nervous system, and commonly involve the optic nerves, spinal cord, brain stem, and cerebellum. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp903-914)
Multiple protein bands serving as markers of specific ANTIBODIES and detected by ELECTROPHORESIS of CEREBROSPINAL FLUID or serum. The bands are most often seen during inflammatory or immune processes and are found in most patients with MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS.
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Neurology - Central Nervous System (CNS)
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