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Cell Studies of Parkinson's Disease

2014-08-27 03:54:38 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This study will examine and compare blood samples from healthy volunteers and patients with Parkinson's disease to identify abnormalities associated with Parkinson's disease. Disease symptoms include slowness of movement, hand or leg shaking, and stiffness. Some patients have difficulty with balance. Information from this study may provide information on how Parkinson's disease affects the brain and body, and may help lead to a test for earlier diagnosis.

Healthy volunteers and patients with Parkinson's disease who are 18 years of age or older may enroll in this study. Participants will undergo the following procedures:

- Physical examination, including evaluation of strength, feeling, coordination, and balance

- Blood drawing: 150 milliliters (about 10 tablespoons) of blood will be drawn

- Personal and family medical history

- Consent to access medical records for research purposes

Blood samples will be examined for:

- Genetic analysis

- Study of specific proteins and lipids

- Study of mitochondria (parts of cells that make energy)

Description

This study wants to focus on mitochondrial defects associated with Parkinson's disease (PD) and how they relate to alpha-synuclein (SNCA) expression and function. Individuals from families with inherited Parkinson's disease (affected and at risk members), as well as normal individuals, will be enrolled. All subjects will be asked to provide blood samples in order to study bioenergetic function in mitochondria from their platelets. These studies will include genotyping and determination of polymorphisms in the subjects' mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in order to delineate any significant abnormality that may be associated with a particular group. Cardiolipin levels will be obtained fee for service at Lipomics. Basic respirometry, enzyme activity, and somatic cell hybridization will be performed in the PI's lab. Protein analysis will be performed in the proteomics facility at NIMH.

Study Design

N/A

Conditions

Parkinson Disease

Location

National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda
Maryland
United States
20892

Status

Completed

Source

National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:54:38-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Proteins associated with sporadic or familial cases of PARKINSON DISEASE.

A condition caused by the neurotoxin MPTP which causes selective destruction of nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons. Clinical features include irreversible parkinsonian signs including rigidity and bradykinesia (PARKINSON DISEASE, SECONDARY). MPTP toxicity is also used as an animal model for the study of PARKINSON DISEASE. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1072; Neurology 1986 Feb;36(2):250-8)

A group of disorders which feature impaired motor control characterized by bradykinesia, MUSCLE RIGIDITY; TREMOR; and postural instability. Parkinsonian diseases are generally divided into primary parkinsonism (see PARKINSON DISEASE), secondary parkinsonism (see PARKINSON DISEASE, SECONDARY) and inherited forms. These conditions are associated with dysfunction of dopaminergic or closely related motor integration neuronal pathways in the BASAL GANGLIA.

Parkinsonism following encephalitis, historically seen as a sequella of encephalitis lethargica (Von Economo Encephalitis). The early age of onset, the rapid progression of symptoms followed by stabilization, and the presence of a variety of other neurological disorders (e.g., sociopathic behavior; TICS; MUSCLE SPASMS; oculogyric crises; hyperphagia; and bizarre movements) distinguish this condition from primary PARKINSON DISEASE. Pathologic features include neuronal loss and gliosis concentrated in the MESENCEPHALON; SUBTHALAMUS; and HYPOTHALAMUS. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p754)

Conditions which feature clinical manifestations resembling primary Parkinson disease that are caused by a known or suspected condition. Examples include parkinsonism caused by vascular injury, drugs, trauma, toxin exposure, neoplasms, infections and degenerative or hereditary conditions. Clinical features may include bradykinesia, rigidity, parkinsonian gait, and masked facies. In general, tremor is less prominent in secondary parkinsonism than in the primary form. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1998, Ch38, pp39-42)

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