Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
This study will test the immune system response to and safety of two HIV vaccines alone and in combination: ALVAC-HIV (vCP1452) and LIPO-5. ALVAC-HIV (vCP1452) uses a canarypox virus with man-made parts of HIV attached to it. The canarypox virus cannot cause disease in people. LIPO-5 is a mixture of five man-made proteins similar to proteins found in HIV.
These vaccines are not produced from live HIV or from infected cells and do not contain the virus. It is not possible to become infected with HIV from these vaccines.
Immune priming of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) has been most successfully achieved with live attenuated virus or live virus vector vaccines. Recombinant canarypox vaccines have an excellent safety record and have induced HIV neutralizing antibodies and CTLs in early clinical trials. This study will evaluate the use of HIV lipopeptides (LIPO-5) alone and in combination with a canarypox-based HIV vaccine [ALVAC-HIV (vCP1452)] to further increase CTL activity.
Participants in this study will be randomly assigned to one of five groups. Participants in Groups A and B will receive four injections over 6 months. Participants in Group A will receive four injections of either LIPO-5 or a placebo. Participants in Group B will receive four injections of either the ALVAC-HIV (vCP1452) or a placebo. Participants in Groups C, D, and E will receive six injections over 6 months. Participants in these groups will receive either ALVAC-HIV (vCP1452) and LIPO-5 or a placebo. Participants who receive the vaccine combination will receive four injections of the same dose of ALVAC-HIV (vCP1452) and two injections of LIPO-5. The dose of LIPO-5 will be different for participants in Groups C, D, and E.
Participants will have 11 study visits over 18 months; the total duration of the study will be 30 months. The length of visits will vary and may last up to 3 hours. Study visits will include a medical interview, brief physical exam, and blood and urine tests. Participants will be tested for HIV before entering the study and at least five times during the study. All vaccine and placebo injections will be given in the upper arm muscle.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Prevention
ALVAC-HIV (vCP1452), LIPO-5
University of Alabama at Birmingham
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:54:39-0400
The purpose of this study is to test how the body's immune system responds to the vaccine ALVAC-HIV vCP1452 and to determine if the vaccine is safe when given alone and with MN rgp120. ...
The purpose of this study is to see if the vaccines tested are safe when given alone and when given together, and how the immune system responds to the vaccines. Vaccines are given to peo...
The purpose of this study is to see if the experimental vaccine, ALVAC-HIV (vCP1452) is safe and to study how the immune system responds to the vaccine. This trial is designed to determine...
Prior pilot studies have shown that four monthly injections of ALVAC-HIV (vCP1433) are immunogenic in 60% HIV-infected patients with a boosting effect obtained after 1 or 2 injections foll...
The purpose of this study is to find out whether three different anti-HIV vaccines are safe and whether they help prevent HIV infection. These vaccines are called vCP205, vCP1433, and vCP1...
Sexual transmission is the principal driver of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) pandemic. Understanding HIV vaccine-induced immune responses at mucosal surfaces can generate hypotheses regarding...
Cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs) can deliver payloads into cells by forming complexes with bioactive molecules via covalent or non-covalent bonds. Various CPPs have been applied in CPP-modified liposo...
Small molecules that interfere with nucleic acid are widely used in chemotherapy, however, improved delivery approaches are required to improve anti-tumor outcomes. Here, we present the development of...
Molecular targeted therapy for specific genes is an emerging research. Retinoic Acid Receptor (RAR-β) is a key tumor suppressor which is found to be lost drastically during much cancer progression. W...
Multi Drug Resistance (MDR) of cancer cells is a constant threat to the clinically used drugs as well as new drug development. In present, work we aimed to assess in-vitro as well as in-vivo efficacy ...
Inflammation of brain parenchymal tissue as a result of viral infection. Encephalitis may occur as primary or secondary manifestation of TOGAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; FLAVIVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PARAMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; and ARENAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS.
Viral infections of the leptomeninges and subarachnoid space. TOGAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; FLAVIVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RUBELLA; BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORBIVIRUS infections; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RHABDOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ARENAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; JC VIRUS infections; and RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS may cause this form of meningitis. Clinical manifestations include fever, headache, neck pain, vomiting, PHOTOPHOBIA, and signs of meningeal irritation. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, pp1-3)
Infections with viruses of the family PARAMYXOVIRIDAE. This includes MORBILLIVIRUS INFECTIONS; RESPIROVIRUS INFECTIONS; PNEUMOVIRUS INFECTIONS; HENIPAVIRUS INFECTIONS; AVULAVIRUS INFECTIONS; and RUBULAVIRUS INFECTIONS.
Pathogenic infections of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges. DNA VIRUS INFECTIONS; RNA VIRUS INFECTIONS; BACTERIAL INFECTIONS; MYCOPLASMA INFECTIONS; SPIROCHAETALES INFECTIONS; fungal infections; PROTOZOAN INFECTIONS; HELMINTHIASIS; and PRION DISEASES may involve the central nervous system as a primary or secondary process.
Infections with viruses of the order MONONEGAVIRALES. The concept includes FILOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PARAMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; and RHABDOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS.
An antibody is a protein produced by the body's immune system when it detects harmful substances, called antigens. Examples of antigens include microorganisms (such as bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses) and chemicals. Antibodies may be produc...
AIDS and HIV
AIDS; Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. HIV; Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV infection causes AIDS. HIV infection also causes the production of anti-HIV antibodies, which forms the test for HIV in patients. People who have the HIV antibodies are ...