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Combination Chemotherapy and Celecoxib in Treating Patients With Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

2014-08-27 03:54:45 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Celecoxib may stop the growth of tumor cells by stopping blood flow to the tumor. Combining celecoxib with combination chemotherapy may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: This phase I/II trial is studying the side effects and best dose of irinotecan and docetaxel when given together with celecoxib and to see how well they work in treating patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

- Determine the recommended phase II dose of docetaxel and irinotecan in combination with celecoxib in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer.

- Determine the toxic effects of this regimen in these patients.

- Determine the response rate of patients treated with this regimen.

- Determine the progression-free and overall survival of patients treated with this regimen.

- Determine the pharmacokinetics of this regimen in these patients.

- Correlate angiogenesis markers (intratumoral microvessel density and vascular endothelial growth factor [VEGF] expression and serum VEGF) and cyclooxygenase-2 expression with response and survival in patients treated with this regimen.

- Correlate UGT1A1 genotype and CYP3A4 activity with the toxic effects of this regimen in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of docetaxel and irinotecan.

- Phase I: Patients receive docetaxel IV over 60 minutes and irinotecan IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 8. Patients also receive oral celecoxib twice daily beginning on day 2. Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of docetaxel and irinotecan until the recommended phase II dose is determined. The recommended phase II dose is defined as the highest dose at which 0 of 3 or 1 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity.

- Phase II: Patients receive treatment as in phase I at the recommended phase II dose.

Patients are followed every 3 months until disease progression.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 3-70 patients (3-36 for phase I and 16-34 for phase II) will be accrued for this study.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Lung Cancer

Intervention

celecoxib, docetaxel, irinotecan hydrochloride

Location

Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center at Northwestern University
Chicago
Illinois
United States
60611-3013

Status

Completed

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:54:45-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A quinazoline derivative and ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENT that functions as a PROTEIN KINASE INHIBITOR for EGFR associated tyrosine kinase. It is used in the treatment of NON-SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER.

Tumors or cancer of the LUNG.

A synthetic opioid that is used as the hydrochloride. It is an opioid analgesic that is primarily a mu-opioid agonist. It has actions and uses similar to those of MORPHINE. It also has a depressant action on the cough center and may be given to control intractable cough associated with terminal lung cancer. Methadone is also used as part of the treatment of dependence on opioid drugs, although prolonged use of methadone itself may result in dependence. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1082-3)

Malignant neoplasm arising from the epithelium of the BRONCHI. It represents a large group of epithelial lung malignancies which can be divided into two clinical groups: SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER and NON-SMALL-CELL LUNG CARCINOMA.

Nuclear phosphoprotein encoded by the p53 gene (GENES, P53) whose normal function is to control CELL PROLIFERATION and APOPTOSIS. A mutant or absent p53 protein has been found in LEUKEMIA; OSTEOSARCOMA; LUNG CANCER; and COLORECTAL CANCER.

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