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Trial of ABI-007 Administered Weekly in Chemotherapy Naive Patients With Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

2014-07-23 21:52:12 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The anticancer agent paclitaxel (Taxol for Injection Concentrate, Bristol-Meyers Squibb) has a broad spectrum of activity against several human cancers including carcinomas of ovary, breast, lung, esophagus and head and neck cancer. Taxol has shown remarkable activity against metastatic breast cancer, yielding response rates in the range of 40% to 60% in chemotherapy-naive patients and 25%-30% in patients refractory to anthracycline-containing regimens (Taxol package insert). The major limitation of Taxol is its poor water soluability requiring Cremophor (containing castor oil and ethanol) as a solvent. Taxol in this vehicle must be administered over 3-24 hours, and hypersensitivity reactions to Cremophor require a premedication routine of a corticosteroid, an antihistamine, and an H2 antagonist.

Description

ABI-007, a unique protein formulation of paclitaxel, has been developed to reduce the toxicities associated with Taxol and Cremophor EL/ethanol vehicle while maintaining or improving the chemotherapeutic effect of the drug.

The activity of ABI-007 in other malignancies is not yet well established. This open-label Phase I/II study is being conducted to define the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and dose-limiting toxicities (DLT) of ABI-007, and evaluate the safety and antitumor activity of ABI-007 in patients with advanced Stage IV non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Intervention

ABI-007

Location

Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York
New York
United States
10021

Status

Completed

Source

Abraxis BioScience Inc.

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:52:12-0400

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Malignant neoplasm arising from the epithelium of the BRONCHI. It represents a large group of epithelial lung malignancies which can be divided into two clinical groups: SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER and NON-SMALL-CELL LUNG CARCINOMA.

A form of highly malignant lung cancer that is composed of small ovoid cells (SMALL CELL CARCINOMA).

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