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Safety and Efficacy of Recombinant Adeno-Associated Virus Containing the CFTR Gene in the Treatment of Cystic Fibrosis

2014-08-27 03:54:45 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to confirm the improvement in pulmonary function and cytokine levels observed in the recently completed multidose aerosol study for the treatment of Cystic Fibrosis (CF).

Description

Cystic Fibrosis is an autosomal recessive disorder with an incidence of approximately 1 in 33000 live births. It is due to defects in the CFTR gene, which is located on chromosome 7. Gene Therapy holds the promise of addressing the primary defect in CF by reconstituting the CFTR function in the lung. tgAAVCF, which has been genetically engineered to contain the CFTR gene, has been extremely well tolerated following single and multiple dose administrations to the nose, sinus, and lung. Dose-dependent gene transfer has been demonstrated. Although vector gene expression has not been detected, evidence consistent with biological activity was observed in maxillary sinus study, and statistically significant changes in the FEV1 and IL-8 levels were observed in the recently completed multidose aerosol study. These findings are worthy of further investigation.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Cystic Fibrosis

Intervention

tgAAVCF

Location

UAB-Childrens Health System
Birmingham
Alabama
United States
35233

Status

Terminated

Source

Targeted Genetics Corporation

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:54:45-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An autosomal recessive genetic disease of the EXOCRINE GLANDS. It is caused by mutations in the gene encoding the CYSTIC FIBROSIS TRANSMEMBRANE CONDUCTANCE REGULATOR expressed in several organs including the LUNG, the PANCREAS, the BILIARY SYSTEM, and the SWEAT GLANDS. Cystic fibrosis is characterized by epithelial secretory dysfunction associated with ductal obstruction resulting in AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION; chronic RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS; PANCREATIC INSUFFICIENCY; maldigestion; salt depletion; and HEAT PROSTRATION.

A chloride channel that regulates secretion in many exocrine tissues. Abnormalities in the CFTR gene have been shown to cause cystic fibrosis. (Hum Genet 1994;93(4):364-8)

A strain of mice widely studied as a model for cystic fibrosis. These mice are generated from embryonic stem cells in which the CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator) gene is inactivated by gene targeting. As a result, all mice have one copy of this altered gene in all their tissues. Mice homozygous for the disrupted gene exhibit many features common to young cystic fibrosis patients, including failure to thrive, meconium ileus, and alteration of mucous and serous glands.

A species of STENOTROPHOMONAS, formerly called Xanthomonas maltophilia, which reduces nitrate. It is a cause of hospital-acquired ocular and lung infections, especially in those patients with cystic fibrosis and those who are immunosuppressed.

Intestinal obstruction caused by congealed MECONIUM in the distal ILEUM and CECUM. It presents shortly after birth as a failure to pass meconium and frequently occurs in infants with CYSTIC FIBROSIS.

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