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Rituximab in Treating Patients With Refractory or Relapsed Primary CNS Lymphoma

2014-08-27 03:54:46 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Monoclonal antibodies, such as rituximab, can locate cancer cells and either kill them or deliver cancer-killing substances to them without harming normal cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of rituximab in treating patients who have refractory or relapsed primary CNS lymphoma.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

- Determine the radiographic response proportion in patients with refractory or recurrent primary CNS lymphoma treated with rituximab.

Secondary

- Determine the progression-free and overall survival of patients treated with this drug.

- Determine the toxicity profile of this drug in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

Patients receive rituximab IV on days 1, 8, 15, and 22. Treatment repeats every 28 days for 2 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients may receive additional courses of rituximab off study at the discretion of the treating physician.

Patients are followed every 2 months.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 15-25 patients will be accrued for this study within 5-9 months.

Study Design

Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Lymphoma

Intervention

rituximab

Location

Lurleen Wallace Comprehensive Cancer at University of Alabama - Birmingham
Birmingham
Alabama
United States
35294

Status

Completed

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:54:46-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A murine-derived monoclonal antibody and ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENT that binds specifically to the CD20 ANTIGEN and is used in the treatment of LEUKEMIA; LYMPHOMA and RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS.

A leukemia/lymphoma found predominately in children and young adults and characterized LYMPHADENOPATHY and THYMUS GLAND involvement. It most frequently presents as a lymphoma, but a leukemic progression in the bone marrow is common.

B-cell lymphoid tumors that occur in association with AIDS. Patients often present with an advanced stage of disease and highly malignant subtypes including BURKITT LYMPHOMA; IMMUNOBLASTIC LARGE-CELL LYMPHOMA; PRIMARY EFFUSION LYMPHOMA; and DIFFUSE, LARGE B-CELL, LYMPHOMA. The tumors are often disseminated in unusual extranodal sites and chromosomal abnormalities are frequently present. It is likely that polyclonal B-cell lymphoproliferation in AIDS is a complex result of EBV infection, HIV antigenic stimulation, and T-cell-dependent HIV activation.

A form of undifferentiated malignant LYMPHOMA usually found in central Africa, but also reported in other parts of the world. It is commonly manifested as a large osteolytic lesion in the jaw or as an abdominal mass. B-cell antigens are expressed on the immature cells that make up the tumor in virtually all cases of Burkitt lymphoma. The Epstein-Barr virus (HERPESVIRUS 4, HUMAN) has been isolated from Burkitt lymphoma cases in Africa and it is implicated as the causative agent in these cases; however, most non-African cases are EBV-negative.

Two or more distinct types of malignant lymphoid tumors occurring within a single organ or tissue at the same time. It may contain different types of non-Hodgkin lymphoma cells or both Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphoma cells.

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