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Anakinra in Treating Patients With Metastatic Cancer Expressing the Interleukin-1 Gene

2014-08-27 03:54:47 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Biological therapies, such as anakinra, may interfere with the growth of the tumor cells and slow the growth of metastatic tumors that express the interleukin-1 gene.

PURPOSE: This phase I trial is studying the side effects and best dose of anakinra in treating patients with metastatic cancer that expresses the interleukin-1 gene.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

- Determine the maximum tolerated dose and dose-limiting toxicity of anakinra in patients with metastatic cancer expressing the interleukin-1 gene.

- Determine the steady state pharmacokinetics of this drug in these patients.

Secondary

- Determine the antitumor efficacy of this drug in these patients.

- Determine gene expression changes in tumor biopsies and circulating leukocyte and cytokine levels in these patients before and after treatment with this drug.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study.

Patients receive anakinra subcutaneously 1-3 times daily on days 1-28. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of anakinra until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity. Once the MTD is determined, an additional 6 patients are treated at that dose.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 3-24 patients will be accrued for this study within 1-2 years.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific

Intervention

anakinra

Location

Warren Grant Magnuson Clinical Center - NCI Clinical Studies Support
Bethesda
Maryland
United States
20892-1182

Status

Completed

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:54:47-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A solid, unencapsulated tumor of the KIDNEY composed of spindle mesenchymal cells that resemble FIBROBLASTS or muscle cells. The homogeneous mass typically extends into the renal parenchyma and replaces most of the kidney. In most cases, mesoblastic nephroma is benign and occurs in the fetus or newborn, and rarely in the older child or the adult.

A transplantable, poorly differentiated malignant tumor which appeared originally as a spontaneous breast carcinoma in a mouse. It grows in both solid and ascitic forms.

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A solid tumor consisting of a dense infiltration of MAST CELLS. It is generally benign.

Diseases of the respiratory system in general or unspecified or for a specific respiratory disease not available.

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