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RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as docetaxel and cisplatin, use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Giving combination chemotherapy with radiation therapy before surgery may shrink the tumor so that it can be removed.
PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well giving docetaxel and cisplatin together with chemoradiotherapy followed by surgery works in treating patients with locally advanced, resectable esophageal cancer.
- Determine the effectiveness of neoadjuvant docetaxel and cisplatin and chemoradiotherapy followed by surgery, in terms of pathological response rate, in patients with locally advanced, resectable esophageal cancer.
- Determine the feasibility of this regimen, in terms of successful completion of therapy and survival at 30 days postoperatively, in these patients.
- Determine the parameters of disease control in these patients and toxicity of this regimen and compare these parameters with published results.
- Correlate early improvement of dysphasia after 1-2 courses of chemotherapy with predictive value with regard to tumor response and long-term disease control in patients treated with this regimen.
- Determine the quality of life of patients treated with this regimen.
- Determine the clinical benefit of this regimen in these patients.
OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.
- Neoadjuvant chemotherapy: Patients receive docetaxel IV over 1 hour and cisplatin IV over 1 hour on days 1 and 22.
- Chemoradiotherapy: Beginning 21 days after the last dose of neoadjuvant chemotherapy, patients receive docetaxel IV over 30 minutes and cisplatin IV over 1 hour once a week and undergo radiotherapy 5 days a week for 5 weeks.
- Surgery: Patients undergo surgery 3-8 weeks after the final administration of radiotherapy.
Treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Quality of life is assessed at baseline, day 22 of chemotherapy, day 1 of chemoradiotherapy, before surgery, and then every 3 months for 1 year.
Patients are followed every 3 months for 1 year, every 6 months for 3 years, and then annually thereafter.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 22-66 patients will be accrued for this study.
Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
cisplatin, docetaxel, conventional surgery, neoadjuvant therapy, radiation therapy
Active, not recruiting
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:54:47-0400
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This randomized phase II trial studies how well chemotherapy before surgery and radiation therapy works compared to surgery and radiation therapy alone in treating patients with nasal and ...
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cisplatin, etoposide, and docetaxel, use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses...
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as docetaxel and cisplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from divid...
The purpose of this research study is to find out the effectiveness of the experimental combination of Docetaxel, Cisplatin, and radiation therapy administered prior to the surgical remova...
Phase II study of neoadjuvant therapy with docetaxel, cisplatin, panitumumab, and radiation therapy followed by surgery in patients with locally advanced adenocarcinoma of the distal esophagus (ACOSOG Z4051).
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