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Chemotherapy and/or Hormone Therapy With or Without Zoledronate in Treating Women With Stage II or Stage III Breast Cancer

2014-08-27 03:54:47 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Zoledronate may delay or prevent the formation of bone metastases. It is not yet known whether chemotherapy and/or hormone therapy are more effective with or without zoledronate in preventing cancer recurrence and bone metastases in women with breast cancer.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying giving chemotherapy and/or hormone therapy together with zoledronate to see how well they work compared to chemotherapy and/or hormone therapy alone in preventing cancer recurrence and bone metastases in women with stage II or stage III breast cancer.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

- Compare disease-free survival of women with stage II or III breast cancer at high risk of relapse treated with neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy and/or hormonal therapy with vs without zoledronate.

Secondary

- Compare time to bone metastases, as first recurrence, in patients treated with these regimens.

- Compare time to bone metastases, per se, in patients treated with these regimens.

- Compare time to distant metastases in patients treated with these regimens.

- Compare overall survival in patients treated with these regimens.

- Compare the reduction in skeletal-related events (fractures, spinal cord compression, radiotherapy to the bone, surgery to the bone, and hypercalcemia) before and after the development of bone metastases in patients treated with these regimens.

- Determine the safety and toxicity of zoledronate in patients treated with these regimens.

- Correlate prognostic factors, such as estrogen-receptor and progesterone-receptor status, TNM stage, tumor grade, HER2/neu status, and menopausal status with treatment outcome in patients treated with these regimens.

- Determine more specific prognostic indicators for the development of bone metastases and factors that are able to predict specific benefit from bisphosphonate treatment using proteomics, tissue micro-array, and other modern techniques in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, open-label, parallel-group, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to participating center. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

- Arm I: Patients receive neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy and/or hormonal therapy. Patients also receive concurrent zoledronate IV over 15 minutes every 3-4 weeks for 6 doses, every 3 months for 8 doses, and then every 6 months for 5 doses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

- Arm II: Patients receive neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy and/or hormonal therapy alone.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed annually for 5 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 3,300 patients (1,650 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study within 3 years.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Breast Cancer

Intervention

zoledronic acid, adjuvant therapy, neoadjuvant therapy

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:54:47-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Preliminary cancer therapy (chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormone/endocrine therapy, immunotherapy, hyperthermia, etc.) that precedes a necessary second modality of treatment.

Drug therapy given to augment or stimulate some other form of treatment such as surgery or radiation therapy. Adjuvant chemotherapy is commonly used in the therapy of cancer and can be administered before or after the primary treatment.

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