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Psychosocial Treatment for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Type I

2014-08-27 03:54:51 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to develop and implement a treatment that focuses on behaviors to reduce symptom severity and functional impairment in patients with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Predominantly Inattentive Type (ADHD-I). The long-term goal of this study is to apply the treatment to larger-scale trials to determine its effectiveness and generalizability.

Description

ADHD-I is a highly prevalent and serious childhood disorder that affects academic and social development. The symptoms of ADHD-I differ from those of the well-studied ADHD Combined Type. Unfortunately, studies of psychosocial interventions for ADHD-I are currently unavailable. Effective treatments for ADHD-I are still needed.

Participants are randomly assigned to receive either a behavioral intervention or treatment as usual for 10 to 12 weeks. The behavioral intervention includes parent and child skill development groups, family meetings, and consultation with the child's teacher to address attention problems and areas of impairment at home and school. Parent and child interviews, teacher and child ratings, and psychoeducational testing are used to assess participants. Participants are assessed post-treatment and at a 2-month follow-up visit.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Attention Deficit Disorder With Hyperactivity

Intervention

Psychosocial (behavioral) Intervention

Location

HALP Clinic, Children's Center at Langley Porter, UCSF
San Francisco
California
United States
94143

Status

Completed

Source

National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:54:51-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A behavior disorder originating in childhood in which the essential features are signs of developmentally inappropriate inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Although most individuals have symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity, one or the other pattern may be predominant. The disorder is more frequent in males than females. Onset is in childhood. Symptoms often attenuate during late adolescence although a minority experience the full complement of symptoms into mid-adulthood. (From DSM-IV)

A propylamine derivative and selective ADRENERGIC UPTAKE INHIBITOR that is used in the treatment of ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER.

A methylphenidate derivative, DOPAMINE UPTAKE INHIBITOR and CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM STIMULANT that is used in the treatment of ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER.

A dextroamphetamine drug precursor that also functions as a CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM STIMULANT and DOPAMINE UPTAKE INHIBITOR and is used in the treatment of ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER.

The d-form of AMPHETAMINE. It is a central nervous system stimulant and a sympathomimetic. It has also been used in the treatment of narcolepsy and of attention deficit disorders and hyperactivity in children. Dextroamphetamine has multiple mechanisms of action including blocking uptake of adrenergics and dopamine, stimulating release of monamines, and inhibiting monoamine oxidase. It is also a drug of abuse and a psychotomimetic.

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