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Functional Brain Imaging - Acupuncture and Osteoarthritis

2014-08-27 03:54:52 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The goal of this study is to use single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (f-MRI) of the brain to study the response of both normal participants and participants with Osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee to acupuncture.

Description

Recent experimental studies in both animal and humans have begun to demonstrate some measurable physiologic effects that are associated with acupuncture, suggesting the possibility of a neurophysiologic explanation. In addition, brain research continues to uncover a complex set of endogenous neurologic control systems, such that it has become clear that the brain plays a major role in the modulation of pain perception and control. If acupuncture can be demonstrated to have a consistent effect on specific areas of the brain, it will become possible to explore the potential efficacy of acupuncture based on measurable neurophysiologic responses.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacodynamics Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Diagnostic

Conditions

Osteoarthritis

Intervention

acupuncture

Location

Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia
Pennsylvania
United States
19104-4283

Status

Completed

Source

National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NCCAM)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:54:52-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A type of massage in which finger pressure on specific body sites is used to promote healing, relieve fatigue, etc. Although the anatomical locations are the same as the ACUPUNCTURE POINTS used in ACUPUNCTURE THERAPY (hence acu-), no needle or other acupuncture technique is employed in acupressure. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed). Shiatsu is a modern outgrowth that focuses more on prevention than healing.

Analgesia produced by the insertion of ACUPUNCTURE needles at certain ACUPUNCTURE POINTS on the body. This activates small myelinated nerve fibers in the muscle which transmit impulses to the spinal cord and then activate three centers - the spinal cord, midbrain and pituitary/hypothalamus - to produce analgesia.

Designated locations along nerves or organ meridians for inserting acupuncture needles.

Acupuncture therapy by inserting needles in the ear. It is used to control pain and for treating various ailments.

The occupational discipline of the traditional Chinese methods of ACUPUNCTURE THERAPY for treating disease by inserting needles along specific pathways or meridians.

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