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RATIONALE: Stimulant drugs such as dextroamphetamine-amphetamine and methylphenidate may help improve memory, attention, and thinking problems caused by central nervous system (CNS) treatment for cancer, and may help decrease depression.
PURPOSE: This randomized phase II trial is studying dextroamphetamine-amphetamine to see how well it works compared to methylphenidate in treating depression and problems with memory, attention, and thinking in children who have undergone CNS treatment for cancer. This trial will also study how often depression is seen and if these medications might help.
- Compare the response rates in pediatric cancer patients with treatment-related neurocognitive sequelae treated with dextroamphetamine-amphetamine vs methylphenidate.
- Compare the durability of response at 12 weeks in patients who show a response at 3 weeks after treatment with these drugs.
- Determine whether patients who have no response to one of these study drugs can respond to the other study drug.
- Determine the prevalence of depression and possible response to neurostimulant therapy in this patient population.
OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study.
Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.
- Arm I: Patients receive oral dextroamphetamine-amphetamine once daily for 3 weeks. Patients who achieve response (based on neurocognitive testing) continue treatment for a total of 12 weeks. Patients with no response after 3 weeks cross over to arm II after a 48-hour washout period.
- Arm II: Patients receive oral methylphenidate once daily for 3 weeks. Responding patients continue treatment for a total of 12 weeks. Patients with no response after 3 weeks cross over to arm I after a 48-hour washout period.
Depression and neurocognitive function are assessed at baseline, 3 weeks, and end of study.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 177 patients (approximately 88 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study within 3 years.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
dextroamphetamine-amphetamine, methylphenidate hydrochloride
University of Florida Shands Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:54:53-0400
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A powerful central nervous system stimulant and sympathomimetic. Amphetamine has multiple mechanisms of action including blocking uptake of adrenergics and dopamine, stimulation of release of monamines, and inhibiting monoamine oxidase. Amphetamine is also a drug of abuse and a psychotomimetic. The l- and the d,l-forms are included here. The l-form has less central nervous system activity but stronger cardiovascular effects. The d-form is DEXTROAMPHETAMINE.
The d-form of AMPHETAMINE. It is a central nervous system stimulant and a sympathomimetic. It has also been used in the treatment of narcolepsy and of attention deficit disorders and hyperactivity in children. Dextroamphetamine has multiple mechanisms of action including blocking uptake of adrenergics and dopamine, stimulating release of monamines, and inhibiting monoamine oxidase. It is also a drug of abuse and a psychotomimetic.
A central nervous system stimulant used most commonly in the treatment of attention-deficit disorders in children and for narcolepsy. Its mechanisms appear to be similar to those of DEXTROAMPHETAMINE.
A methylphenidate derivative, DOPAMINE UPTAKE INHIBITOR and CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM STIMULANT that is used in the treatment of ATTENTION DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER.
A propylamine formed from the cyclization of the side chain of amphetamine. This monoamine oxidase inhibitor is effective in the treatment of major depression, dysthymic disorder, and atypical depression. It also is useful in panic and phobic disorders. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p311)
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