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Dextroamphetamine-Amphetamine Compared With Methylphenidate in Treating Children Who Have Problems With Memory, Attention, Thinking, and Depression Caused By Cancer Treatment

2014-08-27 03:54:53 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Stimulant drugs such as dextroamphetamine-amphetamine and methylphenidate may help improve memory, attention, and thinking problems caused by central nervous system (CNS) treatment for cancer, and may help decrease depression.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase II trial is studying dextroamphetamine-amphetamine to see how well it works compared to methylphenidate in treating depression and problems with memory, attention, and thinking in children who have undergone CNS treatment for cancer. This trial will also study how often depression is seen and if these medications might help.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

- Compare the response rates in pediatric cancer patients with treatment-related neurocognitive sequelae treated with dextroamphetamine-amphetamine vs methylphenidate.

- Compare the durability of response at 12 weeks in patients who show a response at 3 weeks after treatment with these drugs.

- Determine whether patients who have no response to one of these study drugs can respond to the other study drug.

- Determine the prevalence of depression and possible response to neurostimulant therapy in this patient population.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study.

Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

- Arm I: Patients receive oral dextroamphetamine-amphetamine once daily for 3 weeks. Patients who achieve response (based on neurocognitive testing) continue treatment for a total of 12 weeks. Patients with no response after 3 weeks cross over to arm II after a 48-hour washout period.

- Arm II: Patients receive oral methylphenidate once daily for 3 weeks. Responding patients continue treatment for a total of 12 weeks. Patients with no response after 3 weeks cross over to arm I after a 48-hour washout period.

Depression and neurocognitive function are assessed at baseline, 3 weeks, and end of study.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 177 patients (approximately 88 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study within 3 years.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Primary Purpose: Supportive Care

Conditions

Depression

Intervention

dextroamphetamine-amphetamine, methylphenidate hydrochloride

Location

University of Florida Shands Cancer Center
Gainesville
Florida
United States
32610-0296

Status

Completed

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:54:53-0400

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