Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
The aim of this study is to determine whether an annual application of three (3) fluoride varnish doses over two weeks is at least as effective in reducing cavities as the current semi-annual application.
The study population will consist of pre-school aged children who are residents of Yakima County, in central Washington State. Children will be recruited from non-migrant Head Start programs for ethnic minority farmworker children in the Yakima Valley.
This study will be a randomized, double blinded trial with one experimental and one standard treatment group. Each participant will be randomly assigned to one of two study groups. The participant and the personnel conducting the study will not know to which study group the participant was assigned.
This trial has two study groups:
1. Massive Dose (Experimental):
Annually for three years, children in the experimental group will receive three .30ml applications of 50mg NaF/mL fluoride varnish (CavityShieldÒ, Omni), followed 6 months later by three .30ml applications of placebo varnish in two weeks. There are 18 visits over the entire duration of the study. Each participant will receive a dental exam annually.
2. Semiannual Dose (Standard):
Annually for three years, children in the standard treatment group will receive one .30ml application of 50mg NaF/mL fluoride varnish (CavityShieldÒ, Omni) and two .30ml applications of placebo varnish in two weeks. They will receive this regimen again 6 months later. There are 18 visits over the entire duration of the study. Each participant will receive a dental exam annually.
Both the experimental and standard treatment children will receive basic restorative dental care on decayed surfaces only, as well as toothbrushes for the duration of the study period. Parents will fill out questionnaires about behaviors such as diet, hygiene and prior dental care. Results will inform future treatment regimens for high-caries-risk populations.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Enterprise for Progress in the Community (EPIC) Head Start sites
Lower Valley, Yakima County
University of Washington
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:54:59-0400
The purpose of this study is to determine whether semi-annual fluoride varnish applications combined with caregiver counseling are effective in preventing and reducing a severe form of den...
The study was carried out in 88 children with severe early childhood caries (dmfs≥age +1) who were referred to the investigators' clinic. Patients who completed dental treatment under ge...
Dental caries (tooth decay) is the most prevalent childhood disease in the world. Multiple interventions are available to treat and prevent caries. The aim of the proposed study is to comp...
The purpose of this study is to compare the efficacy of fluoride varnish applied once or twice a year with counseling to counseling alone in preventing early childhood caries (tooth decay ...
The goal of this project is to conduct a community-based randomized clinical trial to compare the caries prevention efficacy of fluoride varnish applied every six months vs. fluoride varni...
Shortly after the Second World War it became known in the Netherlands that fluoride can contribute to the prevention of dental caries. As to how this effect was achieved, opinions differed. Initially,...
To investigate the remineralising effect and bacterial growth inhibition of 38% silver diamine fluoride (SDF) solution and 5% sodium fluoride (NaF) varnish on artificial dentine caries lesions.
The aim of this study was to evaluate microbiological changes, oral soft tissue toxicity, and caries-preventive effect of an experimental titanium tetrafluoride (TiF) varnish compared with a commercia...
Extracellular polysaccharides (EPS) could increase the penetration of fluoride through dental biofilm, reducing its cariogenicity. We measured the concentration of fluoride in EPS-containing (EPS+) or...
It has been suggested that fluoride binding to dental biofilm is enhanced when more bacterial calcium binding sites are available. However, this was only observed at high calcium and fluoride concentr...
A source of inorganic fluoride which is used topically to prevent dental caries.
Inorganic fluorides of tin. They include both stannic fluoride (tin tetrafluoride) and stannous fluoride (tin difluoride). The latter is used in the prevention of dental caries.
A sodium fluoride solution, paste or powder, which has been acidulated to pH 3 to 4 and buffered with a phosphate. It is used in the prevention of dental caries.
The predisposition to tooth decay (DENTAL CARIES).
Diagnostic tests conducted in order to measure the increment of active DENTAL CARIES over a period of time.
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...
Dentistry is the study, management and treatment of diseases and conditions affecting the mouth, jaw, teeth and their supporting tissues (Oxford Medical Dictionary) The work of a dentist ranges from regular patient check-up to orthodontics and surgery....
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism ...