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PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well cyproheptadine and megestrol work in improving appetite and preventing weight loss in children with cachexia caused by cancer or cancer treatment.
- Determine the efficacy of cyproheptadine in preventing further weight loss in children with cancer or cancer treatment-related cachexia.
- Determine the efficacy of megestrol in preventing further weight loss in patients who don't respond to cyproheptadine.
- Determine how these drugs affect body protein and fat levels in these patients.
OUTLINE: Patients receive oral cyproheptadine twice daily for 4 weeks in the absence of unacceptable weight loss or toxicity. Patients that present with weight loss after 4 weeks receive oral megestrol daily for 4 weeks in the absence of unacceptable weight loss or toxicity. Patients responding to either cyprohepatadine or megestrol may continue treatment at the discretion of the treating physician.
Patients are followed at 4 weeks.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 70 patients will be accrued for this study.
Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors
cyproheptadine hydrochloride, megestrol acetate
CCOP - Bay Area Tumor Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:55:01-0400
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Megestrol acetate is a progestogen with actions and uses similar to those of the progestogens in general. It also has anti-androgenic properties. It is given by mouth in the palliative treatment or as an adjunct to other therapy in endometrial carcinoma and in breast cancer. Megestrol acetate has been approved to treat anorexia and cachexia. (From Reynolds JEF(Ed): Martindale: The Extra Pharmacopoeia (electronic version). Micromedex, Inc, Englewood, CO, 1995)
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