Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Most currently approved anti-HIV drugs work by stopping the replication of HIV after it has entered cells. AMD070 (also known as AMD11070) is designed to block HIV from entering cells and may be effective in treating patients who have developed resistance to or are unable to take other anti-HIV drugs. This study will evaluate the safety of different doses of AMD070 along with AMD070 boosted with ritonavir (RTV) in HIV uninfected men.
Current therapy for HIV infection primarily uses drugs that inhibit HIV replication via inhibition of viral protease and reverse transcriptase. Many patients either do not tolerate these medications well or develop virologic failure due to incomplete viral suppression and development of antiviral resistance. New drugs target HIV entry into the cell. AMD070 binds to the chemokine receptor CXCR4, inhibiting membrane fusion and viral entry. Animal studies have shown AMD070 to be generally safe and well tolerated. The dose-escalation and drug-drug interaction study will evaluate the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of single, multiple, and RTV-boosted doses of AMD070 in healthy, HIV uninfected male volunteers.
Participants in this study will be assigned to a single- or multiple-dose AMD070 group (Group 1), a single-dose AMD070 group (Group 2), or an RTV-boosted, multiple-dose AMD070 group (Group 3). Some participants in Group 1 will be given AMD070 once on an empty stomach with no food or drink except for water for 2 hours before and 1 hour after receiving the drug. Up to 4 different doses will be tested in subgroups of Group 1 participants. Some participants in Group 1 will be given AMD070 7 times, 12 hours apart, after eating a standardized breakfast 30 minutes before receiving the drug; 3 different doses will be tested in this group. Participants in Group 2 will be given a single dose of AMD070 after eating a standardized meal. Participants in Group 3 will be given a morning dose of AMD070 on Days 1, 3, and 17 after eating a standardized breakfast 30 minutes before receiving the drug, and a morning and evening dose of RTV on Days 3 through 18. Group 3 participants may also be asked to enroll in an additional study group that will receive a single dose of AMD070 on Days 1 and 3 while fasting.
All participants will be observed as hospital inpatients. Group 1 and 2 participants will stay in the hospital for 24 hours; Group 3 participants will stay in the hospital for 4 days. All participants will have blood and urine collection throughout their hospital stay. Group 3 participants selected to join in the additional study group will have blood and urine samples collected throughout the 5-day study. These participants will be discharged from the hospital on Day 5 and have a follow-up visit around Day 35. All study participants will also undergo an ophthalmologic evaluation and questionnaire sometime after receiving AMD070.
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Dose Comparison, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Johns Hopkins University
Active, not recruiting
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:55:07-0400
The purpose of this clinical research study is to assess the effect of omeprazole at 20 mg on the pharmacokinetics of atazanavir administered as atazanavir with ritonavir relative to ataza...
The purpose of this study is to determine the safety and effectiveness of a high dose of ABT-378/ritonavir
The purpose of this study is to characterise the pharmacokinetic profiles of non-nucleoside analog reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) and protease inhibitors (PIs), and the influenc...
The primary objective of this study is to continue to provide Darunavir (DRV) to pediatric patients who previously received DRV in any of three pediatric clinical studies sponsored by Tibo...
The purpose of this study is to see if it is safe and effective to give ritonavir plus nelfinavir to HIV-infected patients. This study will also see how ritonavir and nelfinavir are absor...
To investigate the long-term safety and efficacy of a treatment switch to dual ART with atazanavir/ritonavir + lamivudine versus continuing a standard regimen with atazanavir/ritonavir + 2NRTI...
Drug-drug interaction (DDIs) are evaluated using pharmacokinetic (PK) simulation models, clinical studies, and scientific publications throughout drug development. DDIs with Norvir (ritonavir) and com...
Pharmacokinetic modelling of darunavir/ritonavir dose reduction (800/100 to 400/100 mg once daily) in a darunavir/ritonavir-containing regimen in virologically suppressed HIV-infected patients: ANRS 165 DARULIGHT sub-study.
In the ANRS 165 DARULIGHT study (NCT02384967) carried out in HIV-infected patients, the use of a darunavir/ritonavir-containing regimen with a switch to a reduced dose of darunavir maintained virologi...
Ritonavir is one of several ketoconazole alternatives used to evaluate strong CYP3A4 inhibition potential in clinical drug-drug interaction (DDI) studies. In this study, four physiologically-based pha...
To evaluate changes in pro-atherosclerotic biomarkers and endothelial function in patients initiating two different PI-based regimens as part of ART.
Inflammation of brain parenchymal tissue as a result of viral infection. Encephalitis may occur as primary or secondary manifestation of TOGAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; FLAVIVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; PARAMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; and ARENAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS.
Viral infections of the leptomeninges and subarachnoid space. TOGAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; FLAVIVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RUBELLA; BUNYAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORBIVIRUS infections; PICORNAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; RHABDOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ARENAVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; HERPESVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; ADENOVIRIDAE INFECTIONS; JC VIRUS infections; and RETROVIRIDAE INFECTIONS may cause this form of meningitis. Clinical manifestations include fever, headache, neck pain, vomiting, PHOTOPHOBIA, and signs of meningeal irritation. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch26, pp1-3)
Infections with viruses of the family PARAMYXOVIRIDAE. This includes MORBILLIVIRUS INFECTIONS; RESPIROVIRUS INFECTIONS; PNEUMOVIRUS INFECTIONS; HENIPAVIRUS INFECTIONS; AVULAVIRUS INFECTIONS; and RUBULAVIRUS INFECTIONS.
An HIV protease inhibitor that works by interfering with the reproductive cycle of HIV.
Pathogenic infections of the brain, spinal cord, and meninges. DNA VIRUS INFECTIONS; RNA VIRUS INFECTIONS; BACTERIAL INFECTIONS; MYCOPLASMA INFECTIONS; SPIROCHAETALES INFECTIONS; fungal infections; PROTOZOAN INFECTIONS; HELMINTHIASIS; and PRION DISEASES may involve the central nervous system as a primary or secondary process.
Human Immuno Deficiency Virus (HIV)
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), the causative agent of AIDS. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus, more commonly known as HIV, is a member of the lentivirus sub-set of the retrovirus family of pathogens. It causes AIDS, or Acquired Immuno Deficiency Sy...
AIDS and HIV
AIDS; Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. HIV; Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV infection causes AIDS. HIV infection also causes the production of anti-HIV antibodies, which forms the test for HIV in patients. People who have the HIV antibodies are ...