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Chemoradiotherapy Followed By Surgery and Docetaxel in Treating Patients With Pancoast Tumors

2014-08-27 03:55:12 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cisplatin, etoposide, and docetaxel, use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Combining cisplatin and etoposide with radiation therapy may shrink the tumor so it can be removed by surgery. Giving docetaxel after surgery may kill any remaining tumor cells.

PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well giving chemoradiotherapy together with cisplatin and etoposide followed by surgery and docetaxel works in treating patients with newly diagnosed Pancoast tumors, a type of non-small cell lung cancer.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

- Determine the feasbility of administering induction chemoradiotherapy comprising cisplatin and etoposide followed by surgical resection and adjuvant docetaxel in patients with non-small cell lung cancer involving the superior sulcus (Pancoast tumors).

- Determine overall survival of patients treated with this regimen.

- Determine time to progression in patients treated with this regimen.

- Determine confirmed and unconfirmed and complete and partial response during induction in patients treated with this regimen.

- Determine the toxicity of this regimen in these patients.

OUTLINE:

- Induction chemoradiotherapy: Patients receive etoposide IV over 1 hour on days 1-5 and 29-33 and cisplatin IV over 1 hour on days 1, 8, 29, and 36. Patients also undergo concurrent radiotherapy once daily 5 days a week for 5 weeks.

Within 2-4 weeks after completion of induction chemoradiotherapy, patients undergo disease evaluation. Patients with no evidence of local or overall disease progression undergo a thoracotomy within 3-7 weeks. Patients who do not qualify for surgery proceed to consolidation chemotherapy within 3-8 weeks after chemoradiotherapy is complete.

- Consolidation chemotherapy: Within 3-8 weeks after thoracotomy, patients with no evidence of disease progression receive docetaxel IV over 1 hour on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for up to 3 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients are followed at 4-6 weeks, every 3 months for 2 years, and then every 6 months for 3 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 45 patients will be accrued for this study.

Study Design

Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Lung Cancer

Intervention

cisplatin, docetaxel, etoposide, adjuvant therapy, conventional surgery, neoadjuvant therapy, radiation therapy

Location

Mobile Infirmary Medical Center
Mobile
Alabama
United States
36652-2144

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:55:12-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Drug therapy given to augment or stimulate some other form of treatment such as surgery or radiation therapy. Adjuvant chemotherapy is commonly used in the therapy of cancer and can be administered before or after the primary treatment.

Radiotherapy given to augment some other form of treatment such as surgery or chemotherapy. Adjuvant radiotherapy is commonly used in the therapy of cancer and can be administered before or after the primary treatment.

Preliminary cancer therapy (chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormone/endocrine therapy, immunotherapy, hyperthermia, etc.) that precedes a necessary second modality of treatment.

Combined chemotherapy and radiotherapy given to augment some other form of treatment such as surgery. It is commonly used in the therapy of cancer.

Therapeutic practices which are not currently considered an integral part of conventional allopathic medical practice. They may lack biomedical explanations but as they become better researched some (PHYSICAL THERAPY MODALITIES; DIET; ACUPUNCTURE) become widely accepted whereas others (humors, radium therapy) quietly fade away, yet are important historical footnotes. Therapies are termed as Complementary when used in addition to conventional treatments and as Alternative when used instead of conventional treatment.

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