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Total-Body Irradiation, Cyclophosphamide, and Stem Cell Transplantation in Treating Patients With Hematologic Cancer

2014-08-27 03:55:12 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Adjusting the dose of drugs used in chemotherapy such as cyclophosphamide may decrease side effects while stopping cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage cancer cells. Stem cell transplantation may be able to replace immune cells that were destroyed by chemotherapy and radiation therapy used to kill cancer cells.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effect on the body of dose-adjusted cyclophosphamide combined with total-body irradiation and donor stem cell transplantation in treating patients who have hematologic cancer.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

- Determine a safe and reproducible method of adjusting the dose of cyclophosphamide based on its metabolism when given in combination with total body irradiation and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in patients with hematologic malignancy.

OUTLINE:

- Preparative regimen: Patients undergo total body irradiation twice daily on days -6 to -4. Patients then receive dose-adjusted (based on metabolism) cyclophosphamide IV over 1 hour on days -3 and -2.

- Hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) infusion: Patients undergo allogeneic HSC transplantation on day 0.

Patients receive graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis, CNS prophylaxis, and testicular irradiation as per institutional standard practices.

Patients are followed daily until day 80 after transplantation and then regularly thereafter for survival.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 20 patients will be accrued for this study.

Study Design

Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Leukemia

Intervention

cyclophosphamide, allogeneic bone marrow transplantation, peripheral blood stem cell transplantation, radiation therapy

Location

Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Seattle
Washington
United States
98109-1024

Status

Completed

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:55:12-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Transplantation of stem cells collected from the peripheral blood. It is a less invasive alternative to direct marrow harvesting of hematopoietic stem cells. Enrichment of stem cells in peripheral blood can be achieved by inducing mobilization of stem cells from the BONE MARROW.

Transfer of HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELLS from BONE MARROW or BLOOD between individuals within the same species (TRANSPLANTATION, HOMOLOGOUS) or transfer within the same individual (TRANSPLANTATION, AUTOLOGOUS). Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation has been used as an alternative to BONE MARROW TRANSPLANTATION in the treatment of a variety of neoplasms.

The transference of BONE MARROW from one human or animal to another for a variety of purposes including HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION or MESENCHYMAL STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION.

Techniques for the removal of subpopulations of cells (usually residual tumor cells) from the bone marrow ex vivo before it is infused. The purging is achieved by a variety of agents including pharmacologic agents, biophysical agents (laser photoirradiation or radioisotopes) and immunologic agents. Bone marrow purging is used in both autologous and allogeneic BONE MARROW TRANSPLANTATION.

The release of stem cells from the bone marrow into the peripheral blood circulation for the purpose of leukapheresis, prior to stem cell transplantation. Hematopoietic growth factors or chemotherapeutic agents often are used to stimulate the mobilization.

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