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This project will determine whether exposing youths to a "fitogenic" after-school environment that emphasizes vigorous exercise and healthy snacks will have a favorable effect on body composition (i.e., less fat tissue and more lean tissue), cardiovascular fitness and cardiovascular disease risk profile. The environmental intervention will be provided in nine schools in Augusta, Georgia, with another nine schools serving as non-intervention comparison schools. Children in the 3rd grade will be recruited to participate. They will be followed for 3 years, through the 5th grade. Measurements will be made at the beginning and end of each school year. The 2-hour after-school intervention will be offered every school day. It will consist of three components: (1) homework assistance; (2) a healthy snack; and (3) exercise designed to improve skills and fitness.
Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Primary Purpose: Prevention
Medical College of Georgia
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:55:12-0400
Purpose: To investigate VLDL-TG metabolism in exercise in healthy volunteers to determine the contribution of VLDL-TG in exercise and eventual gender differences
Study the change of retrofoveolar choroidal thickness measured by optical coherence tomography during aerobic exercise inducing an increase in systolic blood pressure in healthy subjects.T...
The goals of this research project are: 1) to develop a senior-tailored Healthy Beat Accupunch (HBA) exercise program for community-dwelling older adults, 2) to test the effects of a six-m...
This study will analyze whether dairy in combination with creatine supplementation will positively impact loading exercise-induced bone cell activity in healthy young females more than dai...
Background: Patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) have a higher prevalence of cardiovascular diseases compared to the healthy population. Aerobic exercise training is one of the recommen...
Postpartum weight retention is often a significant contributor to overweight and obesity. Lactation is typically not sufficient for mothers to return to pre-pregnancy weight. Modifiable health behavio...
Oxidative stress and inflammation may contribute to anabolic resistance in response to protein and exercise in older adults. We investigated whether consumption of montmorency cherry concentrate (MCC)...
Carbohydrate availability is proposed as a potential regulator of cytokine responses. We aimed to evaluate the effect of a preresistance exercise carbohydrate meal versus fat meal on plasma cytokine r...
Endurance exercises, such as cycling or running, are useful for improving arterial function. However, people suffering from partial paralysis or arthritis are unable to perform these kinds of lower-li...
The exercise capacity of an individual as measured by endurance (maximal exercise duration and/or maximal attained work load) during an EXERCISE TEST.
Controlled physical activity, more strenuous than at rest, which is performed in order to allow assessment of physiological functions, particularly cardiovascular and pulmonary, but also aerobic capacity. Maximal (most intense) exercise is usually required but submaximal exercise is also used. The intensity of exercise is often graded, using criteria such as rate of work done, oxygen consumption, and heart rate.
Healthy People Programs are a set of health objectives to be used by governments, communities, professional organizations, and others to help develop programs to improve health. It builds on initiatives pursued over the past two decades beginning with the 1979 Surgeon General's Report, Healthy People, Healthy People 2000: National Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Objectives, and Healthy People 2010. These established national health objectives and served as the basis for the development of state and community plans. These are administered by the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP). Similar programs are conducted by other national governments.
Tapering-off physical activity from vigorous to light, to gradually return the body to pre-exercise condition and metabolic state.
Asthma attacks following a period of exercise. Usually the induced attack is short-lived and regresses spontaneously. The magnitude of postexertional airway obstruction is strongly influenced by the environment in which exercise is performed (i.e. inhalation of cold air during physical exertion markedly augments the severity of the airway obstruction; conversely, warm humid air blunts or abolishes it).
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...
Cardiovascular disease (CVD)
Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS) Blood Cardiovascular Dialysis Hypertension Stent Stroke Vascular Cardiovascular disease (CVD) includes all the diseases of the heart and circulation including coronary heart disease (angina...