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Facilitating Implementation of the PHS Smoking Cessation Guidelines - RESET

2014-08-27 03:55:22 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The adverse impact of tobacco use on disease prevalence and health care costs is well documented. Hence, finding effective ways to reduce tobacco dependence is an essential component of improving the outcomes, quality and efficiency of VHA care. The U.S. Public Health Service (PHS) Smoking Cessation Clinical Practice Guideline provides specific recommendations for treating tobacco dependence. Despite their strong evidence base, however, these recommendations have not been fully integrated into clinical practice within the VHA. Recent data suggest that logistical difficulties associated with identifying and linking smokers with appropriate treatments may explain why the PHS Smoking Cessation Guideline has not been more broadly implemented.

Description

Background:

The adverse impact of tobacco use on disease prevalence and health care costs is well documented. Hence, finding effective ways to reduce tobacco dependence is an essential component of improving the outcomes, quality and efficiency of VHA care. The U.S. Public Health Service (PHS) Smoking Cessation Clinical Practice Guideline provides specific recommendations for treating tobacco dependence. Despite their strong evidence base, however, these recommendations have not been fully integrated into clinical practice within the VHA. Recent data suggest that logistical difficulties associated with identifying and linking smokers with appropriate treatments may explain why the PHS Smoking Cessation Guideline has not been more broadly implemented.

Objectives:

The primary objective of this study is to assess the effectiveness of an intervention for increasing the rate of tobacco dependence treatment in a population of smokers identified through the VA Pharmacy Benefits Management database. Secondary objectives of this study include (1) assessing the effect of the intervention on smoking cessation rates, and (2) developing options for overcoming potential barriers to broad implementation of the strategies.

Methods:

The effectiveness of the intervention will be evaluated using a multi-center, randomized, controlled trial. Veterans receiving a prescription for transdermal nicotine, nicotine gum, or bupropion for smoking cessation in the past year at one of the participating VHA facilities (as determined from Pharmacy Benefits Management records) will be eligible for the study. A total of 1,900 eligible veterans selected from five test sites will be randomly assigned to one of two groups: (1) patient phone call and tailored, computerized prompt to providers (intervention), or (2) usual care (control). The primary outcome is the proportion of patients receiving pharmacological or other smoking cessation treatment in the six month follow-up period, as assessed from VA pharmacy and outpatient data files. All patients will be recruited to a brief phone interview six months post-intervention to gather secondary outcome measure data related to smoking status, quit history, and use of smoking cessation assistance.

Status:

Data preparation and analysis.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Single Blind

Conditions

Smoking Cessation

Intervention

Smoking cessation information, collection, and dissemination

Location

VA Medical Center
Minneapolis
Minnesota
United States
55417

Status

Completed

Source

Department of Veterans Affairs

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:55:22-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A decrease in the incidence and frequency of SMOKING. Smoking reduction differs from SMOKING CESSATION in that the smoker continues to smoke albeit at a lesser frequency without quitting.

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