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The purpose of this study is to determine the safety and efficacy of DN-101 (calcitriol) in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome who are dependent on repeat blood transfusions.
DN-101 is an experimental drug that has not been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). It is a newly formulated pill that contains high amounts of calcitriol, a naturally occurring hormone and the biologically active form of vitamin D. The natural vitamin D found in dairy products or in typical vitamin pills, must be chemically changed by the liver and kidney into calcitriol before it is biologically active. The body normally uses small amounts of calcitriol to regulate its blood calcium levels. However, for any possible therapeutic effect, MDS patients require much higher levels of calcitriol than the body can produce from dietary vitamin D. DN-101 provides MDS patients with high doses of calcitriol in a pill form.
Laboratory studies have demonstrated evidence supporting the use of calcitriol in MDS. High dose calcitriol slows the growth of leukemic cells (cancerous cells) and increases the growth of normal bone marrow cells. Some patients with MDS may have low levels of calcitriol in their bone marrow.
Clinical study results in patients with MDS have been mixed– some positive and some negative results. Elevated calcium in the blood occurred frequently and prevented the use of higher, more potentially therapeutic doses.
Novacea tested a new formulation of calcitriol, DN-101, in a Phase 1 study. In that study the maximum tolerated dose of DN-101 that did not cause high blood calcium levels when given weekly for several months was determined. That dose is within the range that is potentially therapeutic for MDS patients and will be used in this MDS study.
The purposes of this study are to determine if HDPA DN-101 treatment:
- increases the number of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets in the blood
- reduces the number of blood transfusions
- reduces the number of serious infections requiring antibiotics
- reduces the number of serious bleeding events
- improves fatigue
Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Clinical Research Consultants, Inc.
Active, not recruiting
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:55:22-0400
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Proteins, usually found in the cytoplasm, that specifically bind calcitriol, migrate to the nucleus, and regulate transcription of specific segments of DNA with the participation of D receptor interacting proteins (called DRIP). Vitamin D is converted in the liver and kidney to calcitriol and ultimately acts through these receptors.
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The physiologically active form of vitamin D. It is formed primarily in the kidney by enzymatic hydroxylation of 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (CALCIFEDIOL). Its production is stimulated by low blood calcium levels and parathyroid hormone. Calcitriol increases intestinal absorption of calcium and phosphorus, and in concert with parathyroid hormone increases bone resorption.
Hydroxy analogs of vitamin D 3; (CHOLECALCIFEROL); including CALCIFEDIOL; CALCITRIOL; and 24,25-DIHYDROXYVITAMIN D 3.
A physiologically active metabolite of VITAMIN D. The compound is involved in the regulation of calcium metabolism, alkaline phosphatase activity, and enhances the calcemic effect of CALCITRIOL.
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