Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as carboplatin, paclitaxel, gemcitabine, and cisplatin, work in different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Giving chemotherapy before radiation therapy, and combining chemotherapy with radiation therapy, may kill more tumor cells.
PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of neoadjuvant gemcitabine, paclitaxel, and carboplatin followed by cisplatin and radiation therapy in treating patients who have locally advanced or recurrent carcinoma (cancer) of the urothelium.
- Determine the overall survival of patients with locally advanced or recurrent carcinoma of the urothelium treated with neoadjuvant carboplatin, paclitaxel, and gemcitabine followed by concurrent cisplatin and radiotherapy.
- Determine the feasibility of administering this regimen to these patients.
- Determine the progression-free survival of patients treated with this regimen.
- Determine the qualitative and quantitative toxic effects of this regimen in these patients.
- Determine the response rate (confirmed and unconfirmed) of patients treated with the neoadjuvant regimen and those treated with the whole regimen.
- Determine the proportion of patients who qualify for concurrent cisplatin and radiotherapy after receiving the neoadjuvant regimen.
- Determine the potential value of suppressor gene expression analysis (p53 and retinoblastoma gene) and HER2 expression as indicators of prognosis and/or response in patients treated with this regimen.
OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.
Patients receive neoadjuvant chemotherapy comprising paclitaxel IV over 3 hours and carboplatin IV over 15 minutes on day 1 and gemcitabine IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 8. Treatment repeats every 21 days for a maximum of 3 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Within 4-8 weeks after the completion of neoadjuvant chemotherapy, patients receive cisplatin IV over 30-60 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for a maximum of 2 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients also undergo concurrent radiotherapy 5 days a week for 6 weeks.
Patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years and then every 6 months for 3 years.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 80 patients will be accrued for this study within 4 years.
Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
carboplatin, cisplatin, gemcitabine hydrochloride, paclitaxel, neoadjuvant therapy, radiation therapy
MBCCOP - Gulf Coast
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:55:27-0400
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cisplatin, gemcitabine hydrochloride, carboplatin, and paclitaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killin...
This phase III trial studies how well gemcitabine hydrochloride and cisplatin given with or without nab-paclitaxel work in treating patients with newly diagnosed biliary tract cancers that...
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as carboplatin, paclitaxel, and cisplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping ...
The gemcitabine-paclitaxel and gemcitabine-platinum combinations have shown promise in the treatments of MBC; however, the optimal dosing schedules for these combinations have not yet been...
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as gemcitabine, carboplatin, and paclitaxel, work in different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation the...
The objectives of this study were to assess the feasibility of preoperative gemcitabine/nab-paclitaxel-based chemoradiation therapy (CRT) for patients with borderline resectable pancreatic cancer (BRP...
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of neoadjuvant gemcitabine and cisplatin (GC) therapy for muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC).
Biomarker assessment of the CBCSG006 trial: A randomized phase III trial of cisplatin plus gemcitabine compared with paclitaxel plus gemcitabine as first-line therapy for patients with metastatic triple-negative breast cancer.
CBCSG006 trial reported the superior efficacy of cisplatin plus gemcitabine (GP) regimen than paclitaxel plus gemcitabine (GT) regimen as first-line treatment of metastatic triple-negative breast canc...
The carboplatin/paclitaxel doublet remains the chemotherapy backbone for the initial treatment of ovarian cancer. This two-drug regimen, with carboplatin dosed using the Calvert formula, yielded convi...
Neoadjuvant plus adjuvant or only adjuvant nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine for resectable pancreatic cancer - the NEONAX trial (AIO-PAK-0313), a prospective, randomized, controlled, phase II study of the AIO pancreatic cancer group.
Even clearly resectable pancreatic cancer still has an unfavorable prognosis. Neoadjuvant or perioperative therapies might improve the prognosis of these patients. Thus, evaluation of perioperative ch...
Preliminary cancer therapy (chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormone/endocrine therapy, immunotherapy, hyperthermia, etc.) that precedes a necessary second modality of treatment.
Organs which might be damaged during exposure to a toxin or to some form of therapy. It most frequently refers to healthy organs located in the radiation field during radiation therapy.
Drugs used to protect against ionizing radiation. They are usually of interest for use in radiation therapy but have been considered for other, e.g. military, purposes.
An inorganic and water-soluble platinum complex. After undergoing hydrolysis, it reacts with DNA to produce both intra and interstrand crosslinks. These crosslinks appear to impair replication and transcription of DNA. The cytotoxicity of cisplatin correlates with cellular arrest in the G2 phase of the cell cycle.
An injectable formulation of albumin-bound paclitaxel NANOPARTICLES.
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...
Head and neck cancers
Cancer can occur in any of the tissues or organs in the head and neck. There are over 30 different places that cancer can develop in the head and neck area. Mouth cancers (oral cancers) - Mouth cancer can develop on the lip, the tongue, the floor...
Bioinformatics is the application of computer software and hardware to the management of biological data to create useful information. Computers are used to gather, store, analyze and integrate biological and genetic information which can then be applied...