Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
RATIONALE: Combining antithymocyte globulin with combination chemotherapy before donor peripheral stem cell transplantation may reduce the chance of developing graft-versus-host disease following transplantation.
PURPOSE: Phase I/II trial to study the effectiveness of combining antithymocyte globulin with busulfan and cyclophosphamide in reducing graft-versus-host disease in patients who are undergoing donor stem cell transplantation for myelodysplastic syndrome or other myeloproliferative disorder.
- Determine the incidence of acute graft-vs-host disease (GVHD) requiring therapy in patients with myelodysplastic syndromes or myeloproliferative disorders treated with busulfan, cyclophosphamide, and anti-thymocyte globulin prior to transplantation with filgrastim (G-CSF)-mobilized peripheral blood stem cells (or bone marrow) from related or unrelated donors.
- Determine the incidence of relapse and relapse-free survival in patients treated with this regimen.
- Determine the incidence of non-relapse mortality by day 100 and 1 year posttransplantation in patients treated with this regimen.
- Determine the incidence of Epstein-Barr virus reactivation, infections, and chronic GVHD in patients treated with this regimen.
OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of anti-thymocyte globulin.
- Conditioning and graft-vs-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis: Patients receive oral busulfan every 6 hours on days -7 to -4 (16 doses), cyclophosphamide IV on days -3 and -2, and anti-thymocyte globulin IV over 3 hours on days -3, -2, and -1.
Cohorts of 15 patients receive adjusted doses of anti-thymocyte globulin to determine the optimal dose at which Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) activation and GVHD are reduced. The optimal dose is the dose at which 2 consecutive cohorts receive the same regimen.
- Stem cell transplantation: Patients undergo peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) or bone marrow transplantation on day 0.
- Posttransplantation GVHD prophylaxis: Patients receive cyclosporine IV continuously on days -1 to 4 and then orally twice daily until day 180. Patients also receive methotrexate on days 1, 3, 6, and 11.
Patients are followed every 6 months for 2 years and then annually thereafter.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 30-45 patients will be accrued for this study within 2 years.
Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Chronic Myeloproliferative Disorders
anti-thymocyte globulin, busulfan, cyclophosphamide, cyclosporine, methotrexate, allogeneic bone marrow transplantation, peripheral blood stem cell transplantation
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:55:29-0400
This study was designed to test the safety and efficacy of up to 3 pancreatic alloislet transplants in type 1 diabetic patients with hypoglycemia unawareness. 6 subjects were transplanted...
OBJECTIVES: I. Provide curative immunoreconstituting allogeneic bone marrow transplantation for patients with primary immunodeficiencies. II. Determine relevant outcomes of this treatme...
RATIONALE: Giving chemotherapy, such as fludarabine phosphate and busulfan, before a donor peripheral blood stem cell transplant helps stop the growth of cancer cells. It may also stop the...
Randomized comparison of cyclophosphamide versus reduced-dose cyclophosphamide plus fludarabine in addition to anti-thymocyte globulin for the conditioning therapy in allogeneic hematopoie...
RATIONALE: Giving chemotherapy before a donor bone marrow stem cell transplant helps stop the growth of cancer cells. Chemotherapy and antithymocyte globulin stop the patient's immune syst...
We successfully used a haploidentical transplantation protocol with posttransplant cyclophosphamide (CY) (50 mg/kg/d on days +3 and +4) for in vivo T-cell depletion in patients with mucopolysacchari...
Effect of absolute monocyte count post-transplant on the outcome of patients with acute myeloid leukemia undergoing myeloablative allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant with busulfan and cyclophosphamide conditioning.
Peripheral monocytes have recently been evaluated as a prognostic factor in different types of hematological malignancies. This study assessed the prognostic value of absolute monocyte count (AMC) pos...
In a previously published study, the authors randomized 108 adult patients with a malignant hematologic disorder undergoing allogeneic bone marrow transplantation from a human leukocyte antigen-identi...
The treatment of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) is based on remission-induction and remission-maintenance. Methotrexate is a widely used immunosuppressant but ...
Cyclosporine and methotrexate are the two preferred first-line immunosuppressive treatments in atopic dermatitis. The aim of this study was to compare the treatment profiles of methotrexate and cyclos...
An alkylating agent having a selective immunosuppressive effect on BONE MARROW. It has been used in the palliative treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (MYELOID LEUKEMIA, CHRONIC), but although symptomatic relief is provided, no permanent remission is brought about. According to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985), busulfan is listed as a known carcinogen.
Precursor of an alkylating nitrogen mustard antineoplastic and immunosuppressive agent that must be activated in the LIVER to form the active aldophosphamide. It has been used in the treatment of LYMPHOMA and LEUKEMIA. Its side effect, ALOPECIA, has been used for defleecing sheep. Cyclophosphamide may also cause sterility, birth defects, mutations, and cancer.
Immunizing agent containing IMMUNOGLOBULIN G anti-Rho(D) used for preventing Rh immunization in Rh-negative individuals exposed to Rh-positive red blood cells.
A glycoprotein migrating as alpha 1-globulin, molecular weight 70,000 to 120,000. The protein, which is present in increased amounts in the plasma during pregnancy, binds mainly progesterone, with other steroids including testosterone competing weakly.
N(2)-((1-(N(2)-L-Threonyl)-L-lysyl)-L-prolyl)-L-arginine. A tetrapeptide produced in the spleen by enzymatic cleavage of a leukophilic gamma-globulin. It stimulates the phagocytic activity of blood polymorphonuclear leukocytes and neutrophils in particular. The peptide is located in the Fd fragment of the gamma-globulin molecule.
Organ transplantation is the moving of an organ from one body to another or from a donor site to another location on the patient's own body, for the purpose of replacing the recipient's damaged or absent organ. The emerging field of regenerative ...
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...