Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Heart failure (HF) is designated as an emerging epidemic. Yet, it is not fully characterized. Most data, derived from hospital discharges, cannot measure incidence, have uncertain validity and cannot capture the full burden of heart failure because of the shift towards outpatient care. Regarding its etiology, the respective role of hypertension and coronary heart disease (CHD) is controversial. Moreover, the prevalence of obesity and diabetes mellitus is increasing, both conditions linked to heart failure via several mechanisms such that their contribution to heart failure could conceivably be increasing but remains to be examined. Finally, while the existence of diastolic heart failure is recognized, its diagnosis is exclusionary based on symptoms of heart failure in the absence of left ventricular systolic dysfunction. This approach is unsatisfactory, thus the contribution of diastolic heart failure to heart failure remains contentious. These striking gaps in knowledge underscore the necessity of a rigorous investigation of the heart failure epidemic. Through surveillance of the Olmsted County community, previous studies have demonstrated the postponement of coronary heart disease towards older ages and the decline over time in the severity of hospitalized myocardial infarction and the incidence of heart failure after myocardial infarction. This implies that, if coronary heart disease is the main cause of heart failure, heart failure should be postponed towards older ages and its incidence rate relatively stable. During the same period, preliminary findings on heart failure surveillance suggest that the incidence of first clinical diagnosis of heart failure may not be increasing as much as implied by hospital discharges and that adverse trends may be occurring preferentially among younger ages. These data from the same community are challenging to reconcile with the concept of an ongoing major contribution of coronary heart disease to an epidemic of heart failure, thereby underscoring the need to rigorously study the epidemiology of heart failure.
The study has three specific aims and uses a community surveillance approach which is integrated with ongoing work on coronary heart disease surveillance to investigate the heart failure epidemic in Olmsted County by characterizing its magnitude and determinants and studying prospectively the contribution of diastolic heart failure. Aim 1 will estimate the secular trends in the incidence and in the outcome of validated heart failure to test the hypotheses that there has been an increase in the incidence of heart failure, which differs by age and sex and that the survival of heart failure improved while hospitalization for heart failure has increased. Aim 2 will use a case-control approach to characterize the etiology of heart failure and its changes over time and to test the hypotheses that coronary heart disease and hypertension confer an excess risk of heart failure, the magnitude of which is declining over time, that obesity and diabetes mellitus confer an excess risk of heart failure the magnitude of which is increasing and that the population attributable risk of coronary heart disease and hypertension for heart failure is declining, while that of obesity and diabetes mellitus is increasing over time. Aim 3 will prospectively characterize the contribution of diastolic heart failure to heart failure using brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) among persons with heart failure and define the prognostic value of BNP in all cases of heart failure.
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:55:33-0400
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has been associated with a variety of cardiovascular diseases. Even most industrialised countries exhibit a growing and aging population of HIV...
This study evaluates the effects of different volumes of aerobic exercise training in cardiovascular parameters of patients with cardiovascular diseases enrolled in a cardiac rehabilitatio...
The purpose of this study is to better understand the association between the postprandial biomarker responses after a food challenge with the development of cardiovascular diseases in hea...
To develop a comprehensive protocol for assessing cardiovascular reactivity to stressors, for use in epidemiological and clinical investigations of cardiovascular diseases in healthy popul...
The Silesian Cardiovascular Database is an observational study of all patients hospitalized due to cardiovascular diseases. The date include information on the clinical characteristics, tr...
To examine the trend of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) risk factors among a Middle Eastern population with prevalent CVD during a median follow up of 12 years.
Cardiovascular diseases are life-threatening illnesses with high morbidity and mortality. Suppressed vagal (parasympathetic) activity and increased sympathetic activity are involved in these diseases....
The aim of the present study was to examine the relation between understanding of emotions and cardiovascular related diseases, namely coronary heart disease, diabetes mellitus and obesity. The unique...
Epicardial fat (EPI) plays important role in development of metabolic and cardiovascular diseases. According to population studies EPI represents independent risk factor of cardiovascular diseases (CV...
Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the cardiovascular system or its organs or demonstration of their physiological processes.
Diseases of long duration and generally slow progression. The four main types of noncommunicable diseases are CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (e.g., heart attacks and stroke), CANCER, chronic respiratory diseases (e.g., CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE and ASTHMA) and DIABETES MELLITUS.
Unexpected rapid natural death due to cardiovascular collapse within one hour of initial symptoms. It is usually caused by the worsening of existing heart diseases. The sudden onset of symptoms, such as CHEST PAIN and CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS, particularly VENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA, can lead to the loss of consciousness and cardiac arrest followed by biological death. (from Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, 7th ed., 2005)
Dental care for patients with chronic diseases. These diseases include chronic cardiovascular, endocrinologic, hematologic, immunologic, neoplastic, and renal diseases. The concept does not include dental care for the mentally or physically disabled which is DENTAL CARE FOR DISABLED.
Cardiology is a specialty of internal medicine. Cardiac electrophysiology : Study of the electrical properties and conduction diseases of the heart. Echocardiography : The use of ultrasound to study the mechanical function/physics of the h...