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Rituximab and Cladribine in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

2014-08-27 03:55:33 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Monoclonal antibodies such as rituximab can locate cancer cells and either kill them or deliver cancer-killing substances to them without harming normal cells. Drugs used in chemotherapy such as cladribine work in different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining rituximab with cladribine may kill more cancer cells.

PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying how well giving rituximab together with cladribine works in treating patients with newly-diagnosed mantle cell lymphoma.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

- Determine whether rituximab and cladribine will increase the complete remission rate and the unconfirmed complete remission rate in patients with mantle cell lymphoma.

- Determine the time to progression in patients treated with this regimen.

- Determine the toxic effects of this regimen in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

An initial cohort of 6 patients at Mayo Clinic receives rituximab IV over 4-8 hours on day 1 and cladribine IV over 2 hours on days 4-8. If 2 or more patients experience unacceptable toxicity during the first course, the study is discontinued; otherwise, the study is opened for enrollment at all NCCTG sites. (The phase II study is open for enrollment as of 5/14/04.)

Treatment repeats every 28 days for a total of 2-6 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients are followed every 2 months for 1 year, every 4 months for 1 year, every 6 months for 1 year, and then annually for 2 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 31 patients will be accrued for this study within 21 months.

Study Design

Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Lymphoma

Intervention

rituximab, cladribine

Status

Completed

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:55:33-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A murine-derived monoclonal antibody and ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENT that binds specifically to the CD20 ANTIGEN and is used in the treatment of LEUKEMIA; LYMPHOMA and RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS.

A leukemia/lymphoma found predominately in children and young adults and characterized LYMPHADENOPATHY and THYMUS GLAND involvement. It most frequently presents as a lymphoma, but a leukemic progression in the bone marrow is common.

B-cell lymphoid tumors that occur in association with AIDS. Patients often present with an advanced stage of disease and highly malignant subtypes including BURKITT LYMPHOMA; IMMUNOBLASTIC LARGE-CELL LYMPHOMA; PRIMARY EFFUSION LYMPHOMA; and DIFFUSE, LARGE B-CELL, LYMPHOMA. The tumors are often disseminated in unusual extranodal sites and chromosomal abnormalities are frequently present. It is likely that polyclonal B-cell lymphoproliferation in AIDS is a complex result of EBV infection, HIV antigenic stimulation, and T-cell-dependent HIV activation.

An antineoplastic agent used in the treatment of lymphoproliferative diseases including hairy-cell leukemia.

A form of undifferentiated malignant LYMPHOMA usually found in central Africa, but also reported in other parts of the world. It is commonly manifested as a large osteolytic lesion in the jaw or as an abdominal mass. B-cell antigens are expressed on the immature cells that make up the tumor in virtually all cases of Burkitt lymphoma. The Epstein-Barr virus (HERPESVIRUS 4, HUMAN) has been isolated from Burkitt lymphoma cases in Africa and it is implicated as the causative agent in these cases; however, most non-African cases are EBV-negative.

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