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Levofloxacin In The Treatment Of Children With Recurrent And/or Persistent Acute Otitis Media

2014-08-27 03:55:34 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this study is to demonstrate non-inferiority of levofloxacin compared with amoxicillin/clavulanate on the clinical response at the end of therapy in infants and children who have recurrent and/or persistent acute otitis media.

Description

This is a randomized, active-comparator, multicenter study consisting of 3 phases: a Pretreatment (Screening) Phase, a Treatment Phase, and a Posttreatment Phase. Subject eligibility will be determined at the screening visit based on signs and symptoms of acute otitis media (e.g., middle ear effusion, acute inflammation, acute purulent otorrhea) and criteria for recurrent and/or persistent acute otitis media. Eligible subjects will be randomized and drug will be dispensed by a study coordinator who will instruct parents and the subject about the importance of not revealing the assigned therapy to the subject's evaluator. Each subject will have an evaluator who will remain blinded to the subject's therapy throughout the study. Clinical assessments performed by a blinded evaluator at several time points throughout the study will be used to evaluate efficacy. Safety will be evaluated throughout the study by assessment of adverse events and changes in physical examinations (including musculoskeletal examination with evaluation of joints), vital signs, and clinical laboratory findings. Supplementary safety evaluations for musculoskeletal adverse events will be performed throughout the study. All subjects who enroll in this study and take at least 1 dose of levofloxacin or amoxicillin/clavulanate will be eligible to rollover into a long-term surveillance study primarily focused on the musculoskeletal system. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate non-inferiority of levofloxacin compared with amoxicillin/clavulanate on the clinical response at the end of therapy in infants and children who have recurrent and/or persistent acute otitis media.

Either levofloxacin 10 mg/kg twice daily for 10 days (maximum daily dose of 500 mg) or amoxicillin/clavulanate (14:1) 45 mg amoxicillin/kg twice daily for 10 days (maximum daily dose of 3600 mg amoxicillin). Both study drugs will be given orally as a liquid suspension formulation

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Otitis Media

Intervention

levofloxacin; amoxicillin/clavulanate

Status

Completed

Source

Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:55:34-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A fixed-ratio combination of amoxicillin trihydrate (see AMOXICILLIN), an aminopenicillin, and potassium clavulanate (see CLAVULANIC ACID), a beta-lactamase inhibitor, used to treat a broad-spectrum of bacterial infections, especially resistant strains.

Inflammation of the ear, which may be marked by pain (EARACHE), fever, HEARING DISORDERS, and VERTIGO. Inflammation of the external ear is OTITIS EXTERNA; of the middle ear, OTITIS MEDIA; of the inner ear, LABYRINTHITIS.

Inflammation of the middle ear with purulent discharge.

Inflammation of the MIDDLE EAR including the AUDITORY OSSICLES and the EUSTACHIAN TUBE.

Inflammation of the honeycomb-like MASTOID BONE in the skull just behind the ear. It is usually a complication of OTITIS MEDIA.

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