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To Study the Effects of CD25 and Low Dose Cyclosporin in the Treatment of Active Psoriasis Vulgaris

2014-08-27 03:55:39 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This study compares the efficacy and analyzes the cellular effects of anti-TAC (Daclizumab) and Cyclosporine in the treatment of psoriasis vulgaris. This is a three-armed study-Daclizumab alone, Cyclosporine alone, and the combination of both Daclizumab and Cyclosporine.

Description

The purpose is to study the safety and effectiveness of a new drug called "anti-TAC" (anti-CD25) Monoclonal Antibody used together with low dose Cyclosporine in the treatment of psoriasis. While the exact cause of psoriasis is unknown, it is believed to involve white blood cells called lymphocytes, which become activated in the skin. It is believed that these activated cells are responsible for the changes you see as the rash of psoriasis. Anti-TAC (anti-CD25) Monoclonal Antibody is designed to block the activation of these lymphocytes. Because the anti-TAC (anti-CD25) Monoclonal Antibody targets the specific cells involved in the symptoms of psoriasis, this new drug may be a better way to treat psoriasis. The second drug, Cyclosporine, is an FDA-approved drug in the treatment of psoriasis. There is evidence in the laboratory that Cyclosporine and anti-TAC, used together, will have an additive effect. An additional benefit of this study is that we are using a lower dose of cyclosporine than is usually given when it is used alone because it is being used together with anti-TAC. This should reduce the side effects usually seen with higher doses of Cyclosporine when it is used as a single drug for psoriasis. The purpose of this study is to test the safety and effectiveness of anti-TAC (Monoclonal Antibody and low dose cyclosporine in patients with active, moderate to severe psoriasis vulgaris. We also hope to gain more information on how anti-TAC works in the body

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Psoriasis

Intervention

Daclizumab, Cyclosporine, cyclosporine and Daclizumab

Location

Rockefeller University
New York
New York
United States
10021

Status

Completed

Source

Rockefeller University

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:55:39-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A 17-KDa cytoplasmic PEPTIDYLPROLYL ISOMERASE involved in immunoregulation. It is a member of the cyclophilin family of proteins that binds to CYCLOSPORINE.

A cyclic undecapeptide from an extract of soil fungi. It is a powerful immunosupressant with a specific action on T-lymphocytes. It is used for the prophylaxis of graft rejection in organ and tissue transplantation. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed).

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A common genetically determined, chronic, inflammatory skin disease characterized by rounded erythematous, dry, scaling patches. The lesions have a predilection for nails, scalp, genitalia, extensor surfaces, and the lumbosacral region. Accelerated epidermopoiesis is considered to be the fundamental pathologic feature in psoriasis.

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