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To develop new statistical methods to explore genetic mechanisms that contribute to the development of hypertension.
Hypertension affects 50 million Americans and is the single greatest risk factor contributing to diseases of the brain, heart, and kidneys. There is a strong evidence that hypertension has a genetic basis. The study will develop novel approaches to better understand the genetic mechanisms contributing to measures of blood pressure (BP) level, diagnostic category (hypertension versus normotension) and correlated traits.
This genetic epidemiology study will develop novel approaches to better understand the genetic mechanisms contributing to measures of blood pressure (BP) level, diagnostic category (hypertension versus normotension) and correlated traits. The first aim is to localize genes influencing measures of blood pressure levels, diagnostic category and their correlates. This will be done by applying genome-wide multivariate linkage analyses based on the variance components approach and utilizing clusters of traits correlated with measures of blood pressure and/or diagnostics category. The second aim is to develop exploratory diagnostic tools for linkage analysis of complex traits to further enhance our ability to localize genes influencing measures of blood pressure, diagnostic category and their correlates. This will be done by extending the diagnostic tools used in regression analysis to the variance components approach used for linkage analysis of quantitative traits. In this study for example, it can be used to identify outlier families since previous studies have shown that families with outlier values yield false-positive results. Tree-structure models will also be extended to pedigree data. Tree-based modeling is an exploratory technique for uncovering structure in the data. The use of tree-structure models is advantageous because no assumptions are necessary to explore the data structure or to derive parsimonious model. These models are accurate classifiers (binary outcome) and predictors (quantitative outcomes). All these tools will be incorporated in the S-Plus software as a function. S-Plus was selected due to its capability and flexibility for analyzing large data sets.
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:55:40-0400
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Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the cardiovascular system or its organs or demonstration of their physiological processes.
Unexpected rapid natural death due to cardiovascular collapse within one hour of initial symptoms. It is usually caused by the worsening of existing heart diseases. The sudden onset of symptoms, such as CHEST PAIN and CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS, particularly VENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA, can lead to the loss of consciousness and cardiac arrest followed by biological death. (from Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, 7th ed., 2005)
Dental care for patients with chronic diseases. These diseases include chronic cardiovascular, endocrinologic, hematologic, immunologic, neoplastic, and renal diseases. The concept does not include dental care for the mentally or physically disabled which is DENTAL CARE FOR DISABLED.
Blood pressure levels that are between normotension and hypertension. Individuals with prehypertension are at a higher risk for developing cardiovascular diseases. Generally, prehypertension is defined as SYSTOLIC PRESSURE of 131-139 mm Hg and/or DIASTOLIC PRESSURE of 81-89 when the optimal is 120/80 mm Hg. For diabetics and other metabolism diseases the prehypertension is around 110-129/70-79 mm Hg.
Nephrology - kidney function
Nephrology is a specialty of medicine and pediatrics that concerns itself with the study of normal kidney function, kidney problems, the treatment of kidney problems and renal replacement therapy (dialysis and kidney transplantation). Systemic conditions...
Of all the types of Dementia, Alzheimer's disease is the most common, affecting around 465,000 people in the UK. Neurons in the brain die, becuase 'plaques' and 'tangles' (mis-folded proteins) form in the brain. People with Al...