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RATIONALE: Erlotinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking the enzymes necessary for their growth.
- Determine the 16-week progression-free survival of patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma treated with erlotinib.
- Determine the objective response rate, rate and duration of stable disease, and time to progression in patients treated with this drug.
- Determine the median and overall survival of patients treated with this drug.
- Determine the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic profiles of this drug in these patients.
- Determine the safety and tolerability of this drug in these patients.
- Correlate response to this drug with patient characteristics (e.g., age, disease stage, viral hepatitis status, pathologic grade of cirrhosis, Childs-Pugh status, performance status, serum values of alpha-fetoprotein, bilirubin, transaminases, and albumin, epidermal growth factor receptor expression, and development of skin rash during therapy).
OUTLINE: Patients are stratified according to epidermal growth factor receptor expression (low, 0-1+ vs high, 2-3+).
Patients receive oral erlotinib once daily. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Patients are followed every 3 months.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 80 patients (40 per stratum) will be accrued for this study within 25-50 months.
Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center at University of Texas
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:52:37-0400
RATIONALE: Biological therapies such as erlotinib may interfere with the growth of tumor cells and slow the growth of the tumor. PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of erlot...
RATIONALE: Celecoxib and erlotinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for their growth. Celecoxib may also stop the growth of liver cancer by blockin...
RATIONALE: Biological therapies such as erlotinib may interfere with the growth of cancer cells and slow the growth of the tumor. PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of erl...
This phase I trial studies the side effects and best dose of erlotinib hydrochloride in treating non-small cell lung cancer that has spread to other parts of the body or cannot be removed ...
This phase II trial studies how well erlotinib hydrochloride and bevacizumab work in treating patients with stage IV breast cancer. Erlotinib hydrochloride may stop the growth of tumor cel...
In this study, a therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) of erlotinib in pancreatic cancer patients was performed over 50 weeks to reveal possible alterations in erlotinib plasma concentrations. Additionall...
Lung cancer is a lethal disease with high mortality, and treatment modality varies with type of tumor and stage of the disease. Targeted molecular therapies have been developed for patients with advan...
Erlotinib has shown activity in the management of pancreatic cancer. However, the benefit of EGFR blockade is limited due to EGFR independent PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. Studies have reported that Gin...
Compared to single gemcitabine treatment, the combination of gemcitabine and erlotinib has shown effective response in patients with locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic cancer. However, the comb...
This exploratory subgroup analysis of the MARQUEE study evaluated the efficacy and safety of erlotinib plus tivantinib in patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-mutant non-small cell lu...
A quinazoline derivative and ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENT that functions as a PROTEIN KINASE INHIBITOR for EGFR associated tyrosine kinase. It is used in the treatment of NON-SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER.
Tumors or cancer of the LIVER.
A pharmaceutical preparation of sitagliptin phosphate and metformin hydrochloride that is used in the treatment of TYPE 2 DIABETES.
A naturally occurring compound that has been of interest for its role in osmoregulation. As a drug, betaine hydrochloride has been used as a source of hydrochloric acid in the treatment of hypochlorhydria. Betaine has also been used in the treatment of liver disorders, for hyperkalemia, for homocystinuria, and for gastrointestinal disturbances. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1341)
A cancer registry mandated under the National Cancer Act of 1971 to operate and maintain a population-based cancer reporting system, reporting periodically estimates of cancer incidence and mortality in the United States. The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program is a continuing project of the National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health. Among its goals, in addition to assembling and reporting cancer statistics, are the monitoring of annual cancer incident trends and the promoting of studies designed to identify factors amenable to cancer control interventions. (From National Cancer Institute, NIH Publication No. 91-3074, October 1990)
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...
Hepatology is the study of liver, gallbladder, biliary tree, and pancreas, and diseases associated with them. This includes viral hepatitis, alcohol damage, cirrhosis and cancer. As modern lifestyles change, with alcoholism and cancer becoming more promi...
Cancer is not just one disease but many diseases. There are more than 100 different types of cancer. Most cancers are named for the organ or type of cell in which they start - for example, cancer that begins in the colon is called colon cancer; cancer th...