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The purpose of this study is to see if adjusting the dose of lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r) has a better effect on lowering HIV viral load (the amount of HIV in the blood) compared to taking the standard FDA-approved LPV/r dose. This study will also compare the safety and tolerability of these two types of dosing.
Antiretroviral drugs may fail to suppress HIV unless there are adequate amounts of those drugs in the blood. By monitoring the amounts of drugs in the blood and adjusting doses to achieve optimal drug concentrations, response to antiretroviral drugs may improve, especially in patients who have failed previous regimens. This study is designed to evaluate drug monitoring and dose adjustment of protease inhibitors (PIs) in heavily treatment-experienced patients.
Patients will be randomized to receive either a standard dose of LPV/r (Arm A) or a concentration-adjusted dose of LPV/r (Arm B). Concentration-adjusted dosing means that the dose of ritonavir or lopinavir may be increased based on the amount of lopinavir measured in the blood and the results of a drug resistance test. All patients start the study taking LPV/r, tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF), 0 to 2 additional nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs), and saquinavir (SQV) or amprenavir (APV). Only LPV/r, TDF, and SQV will be provided by the study. Other medications taken as part of the antiretroviral regimen must be obtained outside the study.
Patients in Arm A will take the usual approved dose of LPV/r for the first 24 weeks. At Week 24, patients with high viral loads will come to the clinic for a 12-hour LPV blood level measurement to see if the level of LPV needs to be increased. If it does, an additional capsule of ritonavir will be added to the regimen to boost the level of LPV.
Patients in Arm B will have a series of blood draws over a 12-hour period in the clinic, around 14 days after starting the study, to find out if their LPV level needs to be increased. If the LPV level needs to be raised, an additional capsule of ritonavir will be added to the regimen to boost the level of LPV. Patients who had their ritonavir dose adjusted will return to have another 12-hour blood draw around Week 5. If the LPV level still needs to be changed, an additional capsule of LPV/r will be added to the regimen. A third 12-hour blood draw will be performed around Week 8 if a second dose adjustment was necessary.
During the study, patients will visit the clinic weekly through Week 6, again at Week 8, then every 4 weeks thereafter through Week 32. Patients will have blood drawn at certain visits to test for LPV level, viral load, CD4 count, fasting lipids and glucose, and drug resistance.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Lopinavir/ritonavir, Ritonavir, Saquinavir, Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate, Amprenavir
Univ of Miami
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:55:47-0400
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An HIV protease inhibitor used in a fixed-dose combination with RITONAVIR. It is also an inhibitor of CYTOCHROME P-450 CYP3A.
A pharmaceutical preparation of emtricitabine and tenofovir that is used as an ANTI-HIV AGENT in the treatment and prevention of HIV INFECTIONS.
A pharmaceutical preparation that contains emtricitabine, rilpivirine and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate. It is used to treat HIV INFECTIONS.
Inhibitor or Reverse Transcriptases or of RNA-dIrected DNA polymerase.