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RATIONALE: Biological therapies use different ways to stimulate the immune system and stop tumor cells from growing. Treating a person's white blood cells in the laboratory and reinfusing them may cause a stronger immune response and kill more tumor cells.
PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of biological therapy in treating patients who have metastatic melanoma.
- Determine the maximum tolerated dose of autologous CD4+ antigen-specific T-cells for cellular adoptive immunotherapy in patients with metastatic melanoma.
- Determine the safety and toxicity of this regimen in these patients.
- Determine the duration of in vivo persistence of adoptively transferred CD4+ antigen-specific T-cell clones in these patients.
- Determine the antitumor effects of this regimen in these patients.
OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study.
Patients undergo leukapheresis to collect peripheral blood mononuclear cells. CD4+ antigen-specific T-cell clones are generated over the next 2-3 months using immunogenic peptides MART1, tyrosinase, or gp100.
Patients receive autologous CD4+ antigen-specific T-cells IV over 30 minutes.
Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of autologous CD4+ antigen-specific T-cells until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity.
Patients are followed on days 1 and 3 post T-cell infusion, and then once weekly for 12 weeks.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 3-18 patients will be accrued for this study.
Primary Purpose: Treatment
therapeutic autologous lymphocytes
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:55:48-0400
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The treatment of metastatic melanoma patients with autologous tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) shows robust, reproducible, clinical responses in clinical trials executed in several specialized cen...
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An unpigmented malignant melanoma. It is an anaplastic melanoma consisting of cells derived from melanoblasts but not forming melanin. (Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)
A cellular subtype of malignant melanoma. It is a pigmented lesion composed of melanocytes occurring on sun-exposed skin, usually the face and neck. The melanocytes are commonly multinucleated with a "starburst" appearance. It is considered by many to be the in situ phase of lentigo maligna melanoma.
Lymphocytes that show specificity for autologous tumor cells. Ex vivo isolation and culturing of TIL with interleukin-2, followed by reinfusion into the patient, is one form of adoptive immunotherapy of cancer.
Soft tissue tumors or cancer arising from the mucosal surfaces of the LIP; oral cavity; PHARYNX; LARYNX; and cervical esophagus. Other sites included are the NOSE and PARANASAL SINUSES; SALIVARY GLANDS; THYROID GLAND and PARATHYROID GLANDS; and MELANOMA and non-melanoma skin cancers of the head and neck. (from Holland et al., Cancer Medicine, 4th ed, p1651)
Experimentally induced tumor that produces MELANIN in animals to provide a model for studying human MELANOMA.
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Blood is a specialized bodily fluid that delivers necessary substances to the body's cells (in animals) – such as nutrients and oxygen – and transports waste products away from those same cells. In vertebrates, it is composed of blo...