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Ramipril is an ACE inhibitor that has been marketed in the US for the treatment of hypertension since 1991. It has been shown to be effective in reducing both systolic and diastolic blood pressure in adults when used once daily. ACE inhibitors are frequently used to treat hypertension in children, however ramipril has not been extensively tested in children, and information regarding the efficacy and safety would therefore be of benefit to children. This study is designed to demonstrate the efficacy and safety of ramipril in the treatment of hypertension in children ages 6 through 16 years.
In adults, common side effects include persistent dry mouth, dizziness, fatigue, and headache. Rare cases of angioedema have been reported. When used in pregnancy during the second and third trimesters, ACE inhibitors can cause injury and even death to the developing fetus. When pregnancy is detected, ramipril should be discontinued as soon as possible. Ramipril is contraindicated in patients who are hypersensitive to the product or have a history of angioedema related to previous treatment with an ACE inhibitor.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:55:52-0400
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A long-acting angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor. It is a prodrug that is transformed in the liver to its active metabolite ramiprilat.
A condition in pregnant women with elevated systolic (>140 mm Hg) and diastolic (>90 mm Hg) blood pressure on at least two occasions 6 h apart. HYPERTENSION complicates 8-10% of all pregnancies, generally after 20 weeks of gestation. Gestational hypertension can be divided into several broad categories according to the complexity and associated symptoms, such as EDEMA; PROTEINURIA; SEIZURES; abnormalities in BLOOD COAGULATION and liver functions.
Hypertension due to RENAL ARTERY OBSTRUCTION or compression.
Hypertension that occurs without known cause, or preexisting renal disease. Associated polymorphisms for a number of genes have been identified, including AGT, GNB3, and ECE1. OMIM: 145500
Increased pressure within the cranial vault. This may result from several conditions, including HYDROCEPHALUS; BRAIN EDEMA; intracranial masses; severe systemic HYPERTENSION; PSEUDOTUMOR CEREBRI; and other disorders.