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TTM is a persistent impulse control disorder in which the individual acts on urges to pull out his or her own hair. Onset typically occurs by adolescence, and TTM is often associated with significant functional impairment and distress. CBT is a type of psychotherapy designed to change problematic behaviors and thinking. It includes self-monitoring of hair-pulling urges and homework assignments to practice the use of cognitive and behavioral strategies.
Participants are assigned randomly to receive either CBT or AC for 8 weeks. Participants assigned to CBT receive weekly 1-hour sessions of CBT for 8 weeks; participants assigned to AC receive 6 telephone contacts and 2 in-person sessions for 8 weeks. After 8 weeks, CBT participants who respond to treatment enter Phase II, which lasts an additional 8 weeks and includes 4 in-person maintenance sessions. AC participants who are still symptomatic after 8 weeks are offered CBT.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Center for the Treatment and Study of Anxiety
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:52:40-0400
This study will test the effectiveness of a new behavioral therapy for adults with trichotillomania (compulsive hair pulling).
This study aims to develop a comprehensive Cognitive Behavioral Therapy protocol for adult patients with Trichotillomania that emphasizes relapse prevention and that addresses comorbid aff...
This study will be the first randomized controlled trial of Comprehensive Behavior Modification (ComB) as a treatment of trichotillomania (TTM). ComB treatment (12 weekly sessions, followi...
Trichotillomania (hair pulling) has an estimated lifetime prevalence of 1-3%. Children with trichotillomania can experience significant impairment due to peer teasing, avoidance of activi...
No medication has been reliably shown to benefit those suffering from trichotillomania (compulsive hair pulling). The current study proposes to evaluate the effectiveness of the medication...
Trichotillomania is a relatively common psychiatric condition, although its neurobiological basis is unknown. Abnormalities of flexible responding have been implicated in the pathophysiology of obsess...
To present an updated review of recent studies into the effect of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) for anxiety disorders in children and adolescents, ways to increase access to therapy, and predictors...
Immune dysregulation has been hypothesized to be important in the development and pathophysiology of compulsive disorders such as obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), which has a high comorbid overlap...
Trichotillomania is several times more common in women and has peak onset around puberty. The role of sex hormones, however, has received little research. 11 adolescent girls with trichotillomania, po...
Self-guided computerized cognitive behavior therapy (cCBT) has the potential to be a feasible alternative to current first-step treatment approaches for depression. Yet, research regarding the effecti...
A direct form of psychotherapy based on the interpretation of situations (cognitive structure of experiences) that determine how an individual feels and behaves. It is based on the premise that cognition, the process of acquiring knowledge and forming beliefs, is a primary determinant of mood and behavior. The therapy uses behavioral and verbal techniques to identify and correct negative thinking that is at the root of the aberrant behavior.
The enhancement of physical, cognitive, emotional and social skills so an individual may participate in chosen activities. Recreational modalities are used in designed intervention strategies, incorporating individual's interests to make the therapy process meaningful and relevant.
The application of modern theories of learning and conditioning in the treatment of behavior disorders.
A set of cognitive functions that controls complex, goal-directed thought and behavior. Executive function involves multiple domains, such as CONCEPT FORMATION, goal management, cognitive flexibility, INHIBITION control, and WORKING MEMORY. Impaired executive function is seen in a range of disorders, e.g., SCHIZOPHRENIA; and ADHD.
A term used in Eastern European research literature on brain and behavior physiology for cortical functions. It refers to the highest level of integrative function of the brain, centered in the CEREBRAL CORTEX, regulating language, thought, and behavior via sensory, motor, and cognitive processes.
Depression is a serious mental health condition, where sad feelings carry on for weeks or months and interfere with your life. The symptoms include feeling unhappy most of the time (but may feel a little better in the evenings), loosing interest in lif...
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...