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Chemotherapy and Bevacizumab With or Without Radiofrequency Ablation in Treating Unresectable Liver Metastases in Patients With Colorectal Cancer

2014-08-27 03:55:53 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Monoclonal antibodies, such as bevacizumab, can block tumor growth in different ways. Some block the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread by blocking blood flow. Others find tumor cells and help kill them or carry tumor-killing substances to them. Radiofrequency ablation uses high-frequency electric current to kill tumor cells. It is not yet known if chemotherapy is more effective with or without radiofrequency ablation in treating liver metastases.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase II trial is studying combination chemotherapy, bevacizumab, and radiofrequency ablation to see how well they work compared to combination chemotherapy and bevacizumab alone in treating unresectable liver metastases in patients with colorectal cancer.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

- Compare the 30-month overall survival rate of patients with unresectable liver metastases secondary to colorectal adenocarcinoma treated with chemotherapy and bevacizumab with or without radiofrequency interstitial ablation.

Secondary

- Compare overall survival of patients treated with these regimens.

- Compare quality of life of patients treated with these regimens.

- Determine the health economics associated with this study.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, open-label, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to treatment center, prior adjuvant chemotherapy for primary cancer (yes vs no), prior chemotherapy for liver metastases (yes vs no), and route of randomization (before surgery vs during surgery). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

- Arm I: Within 4 weeks of randomization, patients undergo radiofrequency interstitial ablation (RFA) with or without additional resection of resectable lesions. Within 8 weeks after RFA, patients receive chemotherapy and bevacizumab.

- Arm II: Within 4 weeks of randomization, patients receive chemotherapy and bevacizumab.

In both arms, treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Patients in both arms receive one of the following chemotherapy and bevacizumab regimens to be determined by participating center:

- Regimen A: Patients receive oxaliplatin IV over 2 hours on day 1 of weeks 1, 3, and 5 and leucovorin calcium IV over 2 hours followed by fluorouracil IV continuously over 24 hours on day 1 of weeks 1-6 and bevacizumab IV over 30-90 minutes on days 1 or 2, 15 or 16, and 29 or 30. Treatment repeats every 7 weeks for 4 courses.

- Regimen B: Patients receive oxaliplatin IV and leucovorin calcium IV over 2 hours on day 1 followed by fluorouracil IV continuously over 46 hours and bevacizumab IV over 30-90 minutes on day 1 or 3. Treatment repeats every 15 days for 12 courses.

- Regimen C: Patients receive oxaliplatin IV over 2 hours on day 1 and leucovorin calcium IV over 2 hours followed by fluorouracil IV continuously over 22 hours on days 1 and 2 and bevacizumab IV over 30-90 minutes on day 1 or 3. Treatment repeats every 15 days for 12 courses.

Quality of life is assessed at baseline, within 1 week after completion of RFA (arm I only), within 1 week before start of chemotherapy (arm I only), at weeks 6, 12, 18, and 24 during chemotherapy, every 3 months for 2 years after treatment, and then every 6 months thereafter.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed every 3 months for 2½ years and then every 6 months thereafter.

Peer Reviewed and Funded or Endorsed by Cancer Research UK

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 152 patients (71 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study within 3 years.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Colorectal Cancer

Intervention

bevacizumab, FOLFOX regimen, fluorouracil, leucovorin calcium, oxaliplatin, conventional surgery, radiofrequency ablation

Location

Allgemeines Krankenhaus - Universitatskliniken
Vienna
England
Austria
A-1090

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:55:53-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The active metabolite of FOLIC ACID. Leucovorin is used principally as its calcium salt as an antidote to folic acid antagonists which block the conversion of folic acid to folinic acid.

Therapeutic practices which are not currently considered an integral part of conventional allopathic medical practice. They may lack biomedical explanations but as they become better researched some (PHYSICAL THERAPY MODALITIES; DIET; ACUPUNCTURE) become widely accepted whereas others (humors, radium therapy) quietly fade away, yet are important historical footnotes. Therapies are termed as Complementary when used in addition to conventional treatments and as Alternative when used instead of conventional treatment.

A folate analog consisting of the pharmacologically active isomer of LEUCOVORIN.

Signal transduction mechanisms whereby calcium mobilization (from outside the cell or from intracellular storage pools) to the cytoplasm is triggered by external stimuli. Calcium signals are often seen to propagate as waves, oscillations, spikes, sparks, or puffs. The calcium acts as an intracellular messenger by activating calcium-responsive proteins.

Intracellular signaling peptides and proteins that bind to CALCIUM. They undergo allosteric changes when bound to CALCIUM that affects their interaction with other signal-transducing molecules. They differ from CALCIUM-SENSING RECEPTORS which sense extracellular calcium levels.

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