Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
The aim of this study is to examine the association of exposure to air contaminants (PAH & VOC) emitted from the petrochemical industries, specific genetic polymorphisms (P4501A1 (MspI & exon 7) and GSTM1 & T1) of study subjects and their parents, and the risks of brain tumors and leukemia among children and youths in metropolitan Kaohsiung, southern Taiwan.
Brain tumors and leukemia are the most common malignancies among children and adolescents in the U.S. Adequate information on the role of inherited genetic susceptibility and environmental exposures in the development of neoplasms in children and adolescents is lacking. In Taiwan, four large petrochemical industries are located in the Kaohsiung metropolitan area. These facilities are proximal to residential areas because of the high population density in the region. Data have shown that the concentrations of ambient polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and volatile organic compounds (VOC) around the petrochemical industries are at least 10 and 2 times, respectively, higher than those in U.S. industrialized communities. Our preliminary case-control study in metropolitan Kaohsiung showed that young residents (under age 30) living within 3 kilometers of the vicinity of petrochemical industries have a 6.0 fold increase in brain neoplasms and a 2.9 fold increase in leukemia. The purpose of this proposal is to examine the association of exposure to air contaminants (PAH and VOC) emitted from the petrochemical industries, specific genetic polymorphisms (P4501A1 (MspI & exon 7) and GSTM1 &T1) from study subjects and their parents, and the risks of brain tumors and leukemia among children and youths in metropolitan Kaohsiung. Our hypothesis is that there is an increased risk of brain tumors and leukemia in patients with high cumulative exposure to these hazards, and that heritable polymorphisms in several genes modify this association. In addition to an independent association of environmental and genetic factors with brain neoplasms and leukemia, we hypothesize that there is greater risk associated with the presence of combined environmental exposure and the high risk genotype. Also, we will assess the role of parental genetic polymorphisms in the development of cancer in their siblings. This proposed study uses an environmental molecular epidemiologic approach, utilizing prospective enrollment of a cohort of brain tumor and leukemia subjects in a population-based case-control design. This proposal is responsive to the recommendation of the National Research Council that risk assessment and public health policy pay special attention to the protection of children.
Observational Model: Case Control, Observational Model: Natural History
Harvard School of Public Health
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:55:54-0400
The purpose of this research study is to collect, freeze and store leukemia cells from the blood or bone marrow of patients that have advanced chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) that is no...
RATIONALE: Determination of genetic markers for acute lymphoblastic leukemia and acute promyelocytic leukemia may help identify patients with this disease and help predict the outcome of t...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate clinical and laboratory safety associated with the administration of GVAX leukemia vaccine and to determine the feasibility of generation of GVAX l...
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as flavopiridol, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. PURP...
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a group of genetically highly heterogeneous malignant disease . The disease is the most common type of adult acute leukemia. Overall survival (OS) was less ...
To report on a case of therapy-related acute monocytic leukemia(t-AML) with t(11;17) (q23;q21)/MLL-AF17q after successful treatment for acute promyelocytic leukemia(APL) with t(15;17) (q22;q21)/PML-RA...
Myeloid leukemia cutis is the terminology used for cutaneous manifestations of myeloid leukemia.
Exposures to DNA-damaging drugs and ionizing radiations increase risks of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS).
A replication-defective strain of Murine leukemia virus (LEUKEMIA VIRUS, MURINE) capable of transforming lymphoid cells and producing a rapidly progressing lymphoid leukemia after superinfection with FRIEND MURINE LEUKEMIA VIRUS; MOLONEY MURINE LEUKEMIA VIRUS; or RAUSCHER VIRUS.
A strain of Murine leukemia virus (LEUKEMIA VIRUS, MURINE) producing leukemia of the reticulum-cell type with massive infiltration of liver, spleen, and bone marrow. It infects DBA/2 and Swiss mice.
A strain of Murine leukemia virus (LEUKEMIA VIRUS, MURINE) arising during the propagation of S37 mouse sarcoma, and causing lymphoid leukemia in mice. It also infects rats and newborn hamsters. It is apparently transmitted to embryos in utero and to newborns through mother's milk.
A chronic leukemia characterized by a large number of circulating prolymphocytes. It can arise spontaneously or as a consequence of transformation of CHRONIC LYMPHOCYTIC LEUKEMIA.
A lymphoid leukemia characterized by a profound LYMPHOCYTOSIS with or without LYMPHADENOPATHY, hepatosplenomegaly, frequently rapid progression, and short survival. It was formerly called T-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia.
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a chronic, life-threatening disorder characterized by abnormally high blood pressure in the arteries between the heart and lungs of affected individuals. Symptoms can range from mild breathles...
Of all the types of Dementia, Alzheimer's disease is the most common, affecting around 465,000 people in the UK. Neurons in the brain die, becuase 'plaques' and 'tangles' (mis-folded proteins) form in the brain. People with Al...