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Biological Therapy Plus Monoclonal Antibody Therapy in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

2014-08-27 03:55:58 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Monoclonal antibodies such as rituximab can locate cancer cells and either kill them or deliver cancer-killing substances to them without harming normal cells. Biological therapies such as CpG 7909 use different ways to stimulate the immune system and stop cancer cells from growing. Combining CpG 7909 with rituximab may kill more cancer cells.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of CpG 7909 plus rituximab in treating patients who have relapsed or refractory non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

- Determine the maximum tolerated dose of subcutaneous and IV CpG 7909 when administered with rituximab in patients with relapsed or refractory B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

- Determine the safety and tolerability of this regimen in these patients.

- Determine the disease response in patients treated with this regimen.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter, dose-escalation study of CpG 7909. Patients are sequentially assigned to 1 of 2 treatment groups.

- Group A: Patients receive rituximab IV over 4-5 hours followed by CpG 7909 IV over 2 hours on day 1. Courses repeat weekly for 4 weeks.

- Group B: Patients receive rituximab as above followed by CpG 7909 subcutaneously on day 1. Courses repeat weekly for 4 weeks.

Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of CpG 7909 until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which at least 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity.

Patients are followed at 4 weeks.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 6-48 patients (3-24 per treatment group) will be accrued for this study.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Lymphoma

Intervention

rituximab, agatolimod sodium

Location

Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, UCLA
Los Angeles
California
United States
90095-1781

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:55:58-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A murine-derived monoclonal antibody and ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENT that binds specifically to the CD20 ANTIGEN and is used in the treatment of LEUKEMIA; LYMPHOMA and RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS.

A leukemia/lymphoma found predominately in children and young adults and characterized LYMPHADENOPATHY and THYMUS GLAND involvement. It most frequently presents as a lymphoma, but a leukemic progression in the bone marrow is common.

Sodium or sodium compounds used in foods or as a food. The most frequently used compounds are sodium chloride or sodium glutamate.

B-cell lymphoid tumors that occur in association with AIDS. Patients often present with an advanced stage of disease and highly malignant subtypes including BURKITT LYMPHOMA; IMMUNOBLASTIC LARGE-CELL LYMPHOMA; PRIMARY EFFUSION LYMPHOMA; and DIFFUSE, LARGE B-CELL, LYMPHOMA. The tumors are often disseminated in unusual extranodal sites and chromosomal abnormalities are frequently present. It is likely that polyclonal B-cell lymphoproliferation in AIDS is a complex result of EBV infection, HIV antigenic stimulation, and T-cell-dependent HIV activation.

A form of undifferentiated malignant LYMPHOMA usually found in central Africa, but also reported in other parts of the world. It is commonly manifested as a large osteolytic lesion in the jaw or as an abdominal mass. B-cell antigens are expressed on the immature cells that make up the tumor in virtually all cases of Burkitt lymphoma. The Epstein-Barr virus (HERPESVIRUS 4, HUMAN) has been isolated from Burkitt lymphoma cases in Africa and it is implicated as the causative agent in these cases; however, most non-African cases are EBV-negative.

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