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Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Advanced Colorectal Cancer

2014-07-23 21:52:44 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Clinical trial to study the effectiveness of combination chemotherapy in treating patients who have advanced colorectal cancer.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

- Provide oxaliplatin in combination with fluorouracil and leucovorin calcium using the FOLFOX4 regimen for front-line treatment in patients with no prior chemotherapy for advanced colorectal cancer who are not eligible for entry into ongoing clinical trials of higher priority. (The regimen in this Treatment Referral Center protocol is one that was found to be superior in a recent national intergroup study.)

- Further determine the safety of this regimen in these patients.

- Further determine the anti-tumor activity of this regimen, defined as the rate of time-to-treatment failure, time to progression, and survival, in these patients.

- Capture data on subsequent salvage therapy administered to patients treated with this protocol.

OUTLINE: This is an open-label, multicenter study.

Patients receive oxaliplatin IV over 2 hours on day 1, leucovorin calcium IV over 2 hours on days 1 and 2, and fluorouracil IV over 22 hours on days 1 and 2. Courses repeat every 14 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients with clinical evidence of benefit from this treatment, defined as stable disease, partial response, or complete response as well as no increase in size of any measurable or evaluable lesion and no new sites of disease, may be eligible for additional courses.

Patients are followed until death.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A maximum of 300 patients per month will be accrued for this study.

Study Design

Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Colorectal Cancer

Intervention

FOLFOX regimen, fluorouracil, leucovorin calcium, oxaliplatin

Location

Anchorage Oncology Centre
Anchorage
Alaska
United States
99508

Status

Completed

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:52:44-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Tumors or cancer of the COLON or the RECTUM or both. Risk factors for colorectal cancer include chronic ULCERATIVE COLITIS; FAMILIAL POLYPOSIS COLI; exposure to ASBESTOS; and irradiation of the CERVIX UTERI.

Tumor suppressor genes located in the 5q21 region on the long arm of human chromosome 5. The mutation of these genes is associated with the formation of colorectal cancer (MCC stands for mutated in colorectal cancer).

The active metabolite of FOLIC ACID. Leucovorin is used principally as its calcium salt as an antidote to folic acid antagonists which block the conversion of folic acid to folinic acid.

A deoxycytidine derivative and fluorouracil PRODRUG that is used as an ANTINEOPLASTIC ANTIMETABOLITE in the treatment of COLON CANCER; BREAST CANCER and GASTRIC CANCER.

Tumor suppressor genes located in the 18q21-qter region of human chromosome 18. The absence of these genes is associated with the formation of colorectal cancer (DCC stands for deleted in colorectal cancer). The products of these genes show significant homology to neural cell adhesion molecules and other related cell surface glycoproteins.

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