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Arterial hypertension and high blood pressure (HBP) are major risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and stroke; they are also risk factors for lowered cognitive functioning. Except for diabetes, there have been comparatively few studies of other common risk factors, particularly with regard to interrelationships among risk factors which may adversely affect cognitive ability.
The study examines associations between cognitive functioning and three cardiovascular risk factors: 1) high blood pressure; 2) high total plasma homocysteine (tHcy), and 3) ApoE e4 genotype. These associations are examined cross-sectionally as well as longitudinally, using data collected at a follow-up visit of members of a cohort that has been followed for the past 18-19 years. Longitudinal data are used to examine both current and change in cognitive functioning. Some analyses are prospective (e.g., high blood pressure and change in cognitive functioning), while others are cross-sectional (e.g., ApoE e4 and current cognitive functioning) or retrospective (e.g., tHcy and change in cognitive functioning). Structural equation models are used to examine cross-sectional data in elucidating a general theoretical model. Two-stage growth curve analyses and survival analyses are appropriate methods for analyzing the longitudinal data. The study includes a very comprehensive set of measures that have already been collected or will be collected during the follow-up visit. All potential confounders of the association between the three target predictor variables and the various domains of cognitive functioning appear to have been included in this design.
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:34:10-0400
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has been associated with a variety of cardiovascular diseases. Even most industrialised countries exhibit a growing and aging population of HIV...
This study evaluates the effects of different volumes of aerobic exercise training in cardiovascular parameters of patients with cardiovascular diseases enrolled in a cardiac rehabilitatio...
To develop a comprehensive protocol for assessing cardiovascular reactivity to stressors, for use in epidemiological and clinical investigations of cardiovascular diseases in healthy popul...
The Silesian Cardiovascular Database is an observational study of all patients hospitalized due to cardiovascular diseases. The date include information on the clinical characteristics, tr...
The incidence of cardiovascular diseases is still high and further efforts should be done in primary prevention. The main objective is to quantify the burden of subclinical atherosclerosis...
Cardiovascular diseases possess a major cause for fatality and disability the world over. Since last several decades, the rates of cardiovascular diseases-related deaths have decreased in a number of ...
Although alexithymia has been suggested to be associated with cardiovascular diseases, studies are scarce and a causal relationship is questionable. This study explored the prospective association bet...
Cardiovascular disease is a primary cause of mortality worldwide. Therefore, it is of major interest to identify sensitive molecular markers that predict cardiovascular events and point to therapeutic...
Evaluation of the effectiveness of risk management in persons with high cardiovascular risk is an important element in reducing the death rate of the population from cardiovascular diseases (CVD).
The fact that microRNAs play an important role in the development and pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease is beyond doubt. This article provides a brief overview of recent data that relate to micro...
Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the cardiovascular system or its organs or demonstration of their physiological processes.
Unexpected rapid natural death due to cardiovascular collapse within one hour of initial symptoms. It is usually caused by the worsening of existing heart diseases. The sudden onset of symptoms, such as CHEST PAIN and CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS, particularly VENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA, can lead to the loss of consciousness and cardiac arrest followed by biological death. (from Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, 7th ed., 2005)
Dental care for patients with chronic diseases. These diseases include chronic cardiovascular, endocrinologic, hematologic, immunologic, neoplastic, and renal diseases. The concept does not include dental care for the mentally or physically disabled which is DENTAL CARE FOR DISABLED.
Blood pressure levels that are between normotension and hypertension. Individuals with prehypertension are at a higher risk for developing cardiovascular diseases. Generally, prehypertension is defined as SYSTOLIC PRESSURE of 131-139 mm Hg and/or DIASTOLIC PRESSURE of 81-89 when the optimal is 120/80 mm Hg. For diabetics and other metabolism diseases the prehypertension is around 110-129/70-79 mm Hg.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD)
Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS) Blood Cardiovascular Dialysis Hypertension Stent Stroke Vascular Cardiovascular disease (CVD) includes all the diseases of the heart and circulation including coronary heart disease (angina...