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To determine the role of dyslipidemia, markers of endothelial dysfunction genetic susceptibility, and dietary fat intake on the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD) complications in Type II diabetes mellitus.
The cardiovascular disease complications of Type II diabetes mellitus are a major public health problem. The research is designed to provide new information about the relation of specific biomarkers, genes, and diet on risk of CVD complications in the high-risk Type II diabetes mellitus population.
The study assesses biochemical markers of dyslipidemia and endothelial dysfunction, and omega-3 fatty acids in relation to risk of CVD among men and women diagnosed with type 2 diabetes in two large ongoing cohort studies, the Nurses Health Study (NHS) and Health Professionals Follow-up Study (HPFS). By 1998, 12,600 confirmed type 2 diabetic cases had already accumulated in the two cohorts. By the year 2002, 5,507 blood samples prospectively collected from persons with previously or newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes will be available for analyses. Using this unparalleled resource, the investigators will evaluate (1) The relationship between plasma levels of cell adhesion molecules (i.e. sICAM-1, sVCAM-1, E-selectin), diabetic dyslipidemia, and risk of CVD among diabetics; (2) the association between Lp(a) concentrations and risk of CVD among diabetics, independent of high triglycerides and low HDL; (3) the association between long-term intakes of omega-3 fatty acids and CVD risk in diabetes. The main NHS and HPFS grants will provide follow-up and documentation of CVD in addition to covariate information. Overall, the large size of these cohorts, the prospective design, the high follow-up rates, and the availability of archived blood specimens provide a unique opportunity to study the relationship between diabetic dyslipidemia and risk of CVD in an extremely cost-efficient and timely manner. In addition, these two cohorts provide an unusual opportunity to compare lipid profiles and endothelial markers of CVD between diabetic men and women.
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:56:06-0400
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To examine the trend of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) risk factors among a Middle Eastern population with prevalent CVD during a median follow up of 12 years.
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Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the cardiovascular system or its organs or demonstration of their physiological processes.
Diseases of long duration and generally slow progression. The four main types of noncommunicable diseases are CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (e.g., heart attacks and stroke), CANCER, chronic respiratory diseases (e.g., CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE and ASTHMA) and DIABETES MELLITUS.
Unexpected rapid natural death due to cardiovascular collapse within one hour of initial symptoms. It is usually caused by the worsening of existing heart diseases. The sudden onset of symptoms, such as CHEST PAIN and CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS, particularly VENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA, can lead to the loss of consciousness and cardiac arrest followed by biological death. (from Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, 7th ed., 2005)
Dental care for patients with chronic diseases. These diseases include chronic cardiovascular, endocrinologic, hematologic, immunologic, neoplastic, and renal diseases. The concept does not include dental care for the mentally or physically disabled which is DENTAL CARE FOR DISABLED.
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) Erectile Dysfunction Urology Urology is the branch of medicine concerned with the urinary tract and diseases that affect it. Examples include urethritis, urethrostenosis and incontinence. Urology is a su...
Cardiovascular disease (CVD)
Acute Coronary Syndromes (ACS) Blood Cardiovascular Dialysis Hypertension Stent Stroke Vascular Cardiovascular disease (CVD) includes all the diseases of the heart and circulation including coronary heart disease (angina...