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Radiolabeled Monoclonal Antibody With or Without Peripheral Stem Cell Transplantation in Treating Children With Recurrent or Refractory Lymphoma

2014-08-27 03:56:06 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Radiolabeled monoclonal antibodies can locate cancer cells and deliver radioactive tumor-killing substances to them without harming normal cells. Peripheral stem cell transplantation may be able to replace immune cells that were destroyed by anticancer therapy.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of radiolabeled monoclonal antibody therapy with or without peripheral stem cell transplantation in treating patients who have recurrent or refractory lymphoma.

Description

OBJECTIVES:

- Determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of yttrium Y 90 ibritumomab tiuxetan (IDEC-Y2B8) when preceded by rituximab in children with recurrent or refractory CD20-positive lymphoma for which no autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (AuPBSCT) is planned. (Group A)

- If the dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) in group A is purely hematological, determine the MTD of IDEC-Y2B8 when combined with rituximab, AuPBSCT, and filgrastim (G-CSF) in a second group of children with recurrent or refractory CD20-positive lymphoma. (Group B)

- Determine the DLT of rituximab and IDEC-Y2B8 in these patients.

- Determine the dosimetry of indium In 111 ibritumomab tiuxetan preceded by rituximab in these patients.

- Determine, preliminarily, the antitumor activity of rituximab and IDEC-Y2B8 in these patients.

- Assess the immune cell depletion (B-cell and T-cell) and recovery in patients treated with this regimen.

- Determine the human anti-mouse antibody response in patients treated with this regimen.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter, dose-escalation study of yttrium Y 90 ibritumomab tiuxetan (IDEC-Y2B8). Patients are assigned to 1 of 2 groups.

- Group A (no planned peripheral blood stem cell [PBSC] support): Patients receive rituximab IV over 4-6 hours followed by indium In 111 ibritumomab tiuxetan (IDEC-In2B8) IV over 10 minutes on day 0 and undergo whole body imaging. Patients may then receive rituximab IV over 4-6 hours followed by IDEC-Y2B8 IV over 10 minutes on day 7.

Cohorts of 3-6 patients in each subgroup (A1, A2, and A3) receive escalating doses of IDEC-Y2B8 until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined (subgroup A1 closed as of 10/8/04). The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which at least 2 of 3 or 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity (DLT).

Some patients receive autologous PBSC IV over 30-60 minutes on day 35.

- Group B (planned PBSC support): Patients receive rituximab, IDEC-In2B8, and IDEC-Y2B8 as in group A. Patients also receive autologous PBSC IV over 30-60 minutes on day 21 and filgrastim (G-CSF) subcutaneously beginning on day 22 and continuing until blood counts recover or day 35.

If the DLT in group A is purely hematological, cohorts of 3-6 patients in group B receive escalating doses of IDEC-Y2B8 until the MTD is determined. The MTD is defined as in group A.

Patients in both groups are followed at days 63, 90, 180, 365, and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 6-36 patients (6-24 for group A and 3-12 for group B) will be accrued for this study.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Lymphoma

Intervention

filgrastim, rituximab, peripheral blood stem cell transplantation, indium In 111 ibritumomab tiuxetan, yttrium Y 90 ibritumomab tiuxetan

Location

City of Hope Comprehensive Cancer Center
Duarte
California
United States
91010-3000

Status

Completed

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:56:06-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Transplantation of stem cells collected from the peripheral blood. It is a less invasive alternative to direct marrow harvesting of hematopoietic stem cells. Enrichment of stem cells in peripheral blood can be achieved by inducing mobilization of stem cells from the BONE MARROW.

Transfer of HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELLS from BONE MARROW or BLOOD between individuals within the same species (TRANSPLANTATION, HOMOLOGOUS) or transfer within the same individual (TRANSPLANTATION, AUTOLOGOUS). Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation has been used as an alternative to BONE MARROW TRANSPLANTATION in the treatment of a variety of neoplasms.

The release of stem cells from the bone marrow into the peripheral blood circulation for the purpose of leukapheresis, prior to stem cell transplantation. Hematopoietic growth factors or chemotherapeutic agents often are used to stimulate the mobilization.

Transplantation of STEM CELLS collected from the fetal blood remaining in the UMBILICAL CORD and the PLACENTA after delivery. Included are the HEMATOPOIETIC STEM CELLS.

The transfer of STEM CELLS from one individual to another within the same species (TRANSPLANTATION, HOMOLOGOUS) or between species (XENOTRANSPLANTATION), or transfer within the same individual (TRANSPLANTATION, AUTOLOGOUS). The source and location of the stem cells determines their potency or pluripotency to differentiate into various cell types.

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