Advertisement

Topics

Longitudinal Study of the Menopause and Fat Patterning

2014-07-23 21:55:04 | BioPortfolio

Summary

To study the natural history of the accumulation of intra-abdominal fat as women progress through the menopause.

Description

BACKGROUND:

Menopause alters the risk for a variety of chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease, which is the number one cause of mortality in older women. While the associations between menopause, increased total and intra-abdominal fat (IAF), and risk for coronary disease are well established, prospective studies describing the accumulation of IAF, the association with risk factors, and potential mechanistic aspects, are still lacking. This study has the potential to provide important information on the trajectory of IAF accumulation across the menopausal transition in minority and non-minority women.

DESIGN NARRATIVE:

The prospective study will be conducted on an intact biracial cohort of 868 women (419 African Americans; 449 Caucasians) who are participating in a larger study (Women in the Southside Health [WISH] Project) of women undergoing the menopausal transition. This is a population-based cohort that was randomly selected from an existing census with a 72 percent participation rate, approximately equal distribution of socioeconomic status within the African American and Caucasian subgroups, and a dropout rate of only 1 percent/year. As part of the larger study, this cohort undergoes annual exams in which a variety of cardiovascular, hormonal, and lifestyle factors are tracked. These annual measurements consisting of a large number of relevant covariates, including demographics, anthropometrics, serum lipids, blood pressures, insulin, glucose, hormones, lifestyle, health and psychosocial status will be available from the parent study. For this study, two additional clinical tests will be added to the battery at the fourth or fifth annual exam for the 536 women who are expected to be eligible by virtue of not having had a hysterectomy or begun taking hormone therapy. The two tests will be a computed tomography scan for the assessment of intra-abdominal fat, and a dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scan for the assessment of total body fat. These tests will be repeated on an annual basis for the next three years. By the end of the study, it is projected that 462 transitions in menopausal status will have taken place. Random effects models will be used to estimate longitudinal changes in level and rate of intra-abdominal fat as one moves from one menopausal status to another.

Study Design

N/A

Conditions

Cardiovascular Diseases

Status

Completed

Source

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-23T21:55:04-0400

Clinical Trials [1231 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Cardiovascular Diseases in HIV-infected Subjects (HIV-HEART Study)

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has been associated with a variety of cardiovascular diseases. Even most industrialised countries exhibit a growing and aging population of HIV...

The Effects of Aerobic Exercise in Microvascular Endothelium Function in Patients With Cardiovascular Diseases

This study evaluates the effects of different volumes of aerobic exercise training in cardiovascular parameters of patients with cardiovascular diseases enrolled in a cardiac rehabilitatio...

ARROW:identificAtion of postpRandial biomaRkers tOWards Cardiovascular Prevention

The purpose of this study is to better understand the association between the postprandial biomarker responses after a food challenge with the development of cardiovascular diseases in hea...

Development, Testing, and Validation of A Protocol To Assess Cardiovascular Reactivity in Human Populations

To develop a comprehensive protocol for assessing cardiovascular reactivity to stressors, for use in epidemiological and clinical investigations of cardiovascular diseases in healthy popul...

Cardiovascular Diseases in the Silesian Region in Poland.

The Silesian Cardiovascular Database is an observational study of all patients hospitalized due to cardiovascular diseases. The date include information on the clinical characteristics, tr...

PubMed Articles [11552 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Association between alexithymia and risk of incident cardiovascular diseases in the SUpplémentation en Vitamines et Minéraux AntioXydants (SU.VI.MAX) Cohort.

Although alexithymia has been suggested to be associated with cardiovascular diseases, studies are scarce and a causal relationship is questionable. This study explored the prospective association bet...

12-year trends in cardiovascular risk factors (2002-2005 through 2011-2014) in patients with cardiovascular diseases: Tehran lipid and glucose study.

To examine the trend of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) risk factors among a Middle Eastern population with prevalent CVD during a median follow up of 12 years.

Lipidomic insight into cardiovascular diseases.

Cardiovascular disease is a primary cause of mortality worldwide. Therefore, it is of major interest to identify sensitive molecular markers that predict cardiovascular events and point to therapeutic...

Introduction and Update on Obesity and Cardiovascular Diseases 2018.

Pharmacological Modulation of Vagal Nerve Activity in Cardiovascular Diseases.

Cardiovascular diseases are life-threatening illnesses with high morbidity and mortality. Suppressed vagal (parasympathetic) activity and increased sympathetic activity are involved in these diseases....

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.

Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the cardiovascular system or its organs or demonstration of their physiological processes.

Diseases of long duration and generally slow progression. The four main types of noncommunicable diseases are CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES (e.g., heart attacks and stroke), CANCER, chronic respiratory diseases (e.g., CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE and ASTHMA) and DIABETES MELLITUS.

Unexpected rapid natural death due to cardiovascular collapse within one hour of initial symptoms. It is usually caused by the worsening of existing heart diseases. The sudden onset of symptoms, such as CHEST PAIN and CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS, particularly VENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA, can lead to the loss of consciousness and cardiac arrest followed by biological death. (from Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, 7th ed., 2005)

Dental care for patients with chronic diseases. These diseases include chronic cardiovascular, endocrinologic, hematologic, immunologic, neoplastic, and renal diseases. The concept does not include dental care for the mentally or physically disabled which is DENTAL CARE FOR DISABLED.

More From BioPortfolio on "Longitudinal Study of the Menopause and Fat Patterning"

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 

Relevant Topics

Women's Health
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...

Menopause
The menopause is a natural event for all women; the ovaries no longer produce estrogen and progesterone. This can be due to natural aging (usual age of onset is 51 years), or through chemotherapy and surgery on the ovaries. The changing balance of the ho...


Searches Linking to this Trial