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Irofulven Compared With Fluorouracil in Treating Patients With Pancreatic Cancer

2014-08-27 03:56:13 | BioPortfolio

Summary

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. It is not yet known whether irofulven is effective in treating pancreatic cancer.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of irofulven with that of fluorouracil in treating patients who have locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic cancer that has not responded to previous treatment with gemcitabine.

Description

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare survival of patients with gemcitabine-refractory, advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma when treated with irofulven vs fluorouracil. II. Compare the objective tumor response rate in patients treated with these regimens. III. Compare the clinical benefit of these regimens as measured by improvement in pain and performance status in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, open-label, multicenter study. Patients are randomized 2:1 to irofulven and fluorouracil treatment arms. Arm I: Patients receive irofulven IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 15. Arm II: Patients receive fluorouracil IV continuously on days 1-28. Courses repeat every 28 days.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 350 patients (233 for arm I and 117 for arm II) will be accrued for this study.

Study Design

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Pancreatic Cancer

Intervention

fluorouracil, irofulven

Location

MGI Pharma, Incorporated
Bloomington
Minnesota
United States
55437

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:56:13-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A deoxycytidine derivative and fluorouracil PRODRUG that is used as an ANTINEOPLASTIC ANTIMETABOLITE in the treatment of COLON CANCER; BREAST CANCER and GASTRIC CANCER.

Tumors or cancer of the PANCREAS. Depending on the types of ISLET CELLS present in the tumors, various hormones can be secreted: GLUCAGON from PANCREATIC ALPHA CELLS; INSULIN from PANCREATIC BETA CELLS; and SOMATOSTATIN from the SOMATOSTATIN-SECRETING CELLS. Most are malignant except the insulin-producing tumors (INSULINOMA).

Star-shaped, myofibroblast-like cells located in the periacinar, perivascular, and periductal regions of the EXOCRINE PANCREAS. They play a key role in the pathobiology of FIBROSIS; PANCREATITIS; and PANCREATIC CANCER.

A 36-amino acid pancreatic hormone that is secreted mainly by endocrine cells found at the periphery of the ISLETS OF LANGERHANS and adjacent to cells containing SOMATOSTATIN and GLUCAGON. Pancreatic polypeptide (PP), when administered peripherally, can suppress gastric secretion, gastric emptying, pancreatic enzyme secretion, and appetite. A lack of pancreatic polypeptide (PP) has been associated with OBESITY in rats and mice.

Extracts prepared from pancreatic tissue that may contain the pancreatic enzymes or other specific uncharacterized factors or proteins with specific activities. PANCREATIN is a specific extract containing digestive enzymes and used to treat pancreatic insufficiency.

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