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RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Computer systems that allow doctors to create a 3-dimensional picture of the tumor to plan treatment may result in more effective radiation therapy. It is not yet known which chemotherapy and/or radiation therapy regimen is more effective in treating non-small cell lung cancer.
PURPOSE: Randomized phase II trial to compare the effectiveness of different combination chemotherapy regimens and 3-dimensional radiation therapy in treating patients who have unresectable stage III non-small cell lung cancer.
- Compare the overall response rate, failure-free survival, and survival of patients with inoperable stage IIIA or IIIB non-small cell lung cancer treated with paclitaxel and carboplatin with concurrent 3-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3-D XRT) vs gemcitabine and carboplatin with concurrent 3-D XRT.
- Compare the toxicity of these regimens in these patients.
- Compare the pattern of failure (locoregional vs distant failure) in patients treated with these regimens.
- Determine the feasibility of delivering 3-D XRT to patients in this multicenter study.
OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms.
- Arm I: Patients receive paclitaxel IV over 3 hours followed by carboplatin IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 2 courses. Patients then receive paclitaxel IV over 1 hour followed by carboplatin IV over 30 minutes once weekly and 3-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3-D XRT) once daily 5 days a week. Treatment repeats weekly for 7 courses.
- Arm II: Patients receive gemcitabine IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 8 followed by carboplatin IV over 30 minutes on day 1. Treatment repeats every 21 days for 2 courses. Patients then receive gemcitabine IV over 30 minutes twice weekly and 3-D XRT as in arm I. Treatment repeats weekly for 7 courses.
In both arms, treatment continues in the absence of disease progression.
Patients are followed every 2 months for 2 years, every 4 months for 2 years, and then annually for 2 years.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 82 patients (41 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study within 9 months.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Primary Purpose: Treatment
carboplatin, gemcitabine hydrochloride, paclitaxel, radiation therapy
Northeast Alabama Regional Medical Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:56:13-0400
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cisplatin, gemcitabine hydrochloride, carboplatin, and paclitaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killin...
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as gemcitabine, carboplatin, and paclitaxel, work in different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation the...
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as carboplatin, paclitaxel, gemcitabine, and cisplatin, work in different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Ra...
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as paclitaxel and carboplatin, work in different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high...
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Preliminary cancer therapy (chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormone/endocrine therapy, immunotherapy, hyperthermia, etc.) that precedes a necessary second modality of treatment.
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A quinazoline derivative and ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENT that functions as a PROTEIN KINASE INHIBITOR for EGFR associated tyrosine kinase. It is used in the treatment of NON-SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER.
Organs which might be damaged during exposure to a toxin or to some form of therapy. It most frequently refers to healthy organs located in the radiation field during radiation therapy.
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