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The Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Diagnosis and Treatment Trial is project #1 of the Multidisciplinary Clinical Research Center focused on upper extremity pain. It is a randomized trial comparing surgical and nonsurgical treatments for patients with early, mild to moderate carpal tunnel syndrome. In addition the study will evaluate the ability of a new magnetic resonance (MR) technique at predicting who will likely benefit from carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) surgery.
While there is good evidence that patients with severe CTS benefit from surgery, there is less evidence of a benefit for patients with mild to moderate disease. However, mild to moderate disease still accounts for important disability. Electrodiagnostic studies (EDS) have not been shown to accurately predict outcomes for patients with CTS. Recent advances in MR permit high-resolution neurographic imaging of the median nerve, and pilot data suggest that wrist MRI might be a better predictor of outcome than EDS. Thus, wrist MRI has the potential for playing a major role in the treatment of patients with CTS. We will test two main hypotheses: 1) that select patients with early, mild or moderate CTS benefit more from early surgery than with conservative therapy; and, 2) that wrist MRI accurately identifies those patients more likely to benefit from surgery. We will perform a randomized, controlled treatment trial nested within a prospective cohort as our study design.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Early Carpal Tunnel Release for Mild or Moderate CTS, MR Nerve Imaging for CTS
University of Washington Medical Center
National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:56:18-0400
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common peripheral nerve entrapment. Diagnosis is based on symptoms, clinical findings and electrophysiological examination. Several conservative an...
The aim of this study is in a prospective, consecutive series of diabetic patients with carpal tunnel syndrome, who are then age and gender matched with non-diabetic patients having idiopa...
This study will investigate the effect of one week of immobilization following carpal tunnel release surgery versus no immobilization.
To objectively and subjectively assess two modes of commonly employed rehabilitation and confirm a superior method to treat patients following carpal tunnel release. One of the problems f...
To investigate the efficacy of acupuncture compared with steroid treatment in patients with mild-to-moderate carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) as measured by objective changes in nerve conducti...
This study explored the efficacy of nerve hydrodissection for mild-to-moderate carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS).
The most common entrapment mononeuropathy of the upper extremity is carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). It consists 90% of entrapment neuropathies. The purpose of this study was to compare cross-sectional a...
Carpal tunnel syndrome is the most common compression syndrome of a peripheral nerve. It mostly affects patients older than 50 years. One cause for a carpal tunnel syndrome is transthyretin (ATTR) amy...
To evaluate the ultrasound findings of the median nerve in patients with clinical assigned carpal tunnel syndrome but normal nerve conduction studies.
Many prognostic factors have been studied in carpal tunnel decompression but most studies consider only a subset of variables.
Entrapment of the MEDIAN NERVE in the carpal tunnel, which is formed by the flexor retinaculum and the CARPAL BONES. This syndrome may be associated with repetitive occupational trauma (CUMULATIVE TRAUMA DISORDERS); wrist injuries; AMYLOID NEUROPATHIES; rheumatoid arthritis (see ARTHRITIS, RHEUMATOID); ACROMEGALY; PREGNANCY; and other conditions. Symptoms include burning pain and paresthesias involving the ventral surface of the hand and fingers which may radiate proximally. Impairment of sensation in the distribution of the median nerve and thenar muscle atrophy may occur. (Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1995, Ch51, p45)
Disease involving the median nerve, from its origin at the BRACHIAL PLEXUS to its termination in the hand. Clinical features include weakness of wrist and finger flexion, forearm pronation, thenar abduction, and loss of sensation over the lateral palm, first three fingers, and radial half of the ring finger. Common sites of injury include the elbow, where the nerve passes through the two heads of the pronator teres muscle (pronator syndrome) and in the carpal tunnel (CARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME).
Disorders of the peripheral nervous system associated with the deposition of AMYLOID in nerve tissue. Familial, primary (nonfamilial), and secondary forms have been described. Some familial subtypes demonstrate an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance. Clinical manifestations include sensory loss, mild weakness, autonomic dysfunction, and CARPAL TUNNEL SYNDROME. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1349)
Entrapment of the distal branches of the posterior TIBIAL NERVE (which divides into the medial plantar, lateral plantar, and calcanial nerves) in the tarsal tunnel, which lies posterior to the internal malleolus and beneath the retinaculum of the flexor muscles of the foot. Symptoms include ankle pain radiating into the foot which tends to be aggravated by walking. Examination may reveal Tinel's sign (radiating pain following nerve percussion) over the tibial nerve at the ankle, weakness and atrophy of the small foot muscles, or loss of sensation in the foot. (From Foot Ankle 1990;11(1):47-52)
Compression of the ULNAR NERVE in the cubital tunnel, which is formed by the two heads of the flexor carpi ulnaris muscle, humeral-ulnar aponeurosis, and medial ligaments of the elbow. This condition may follow trauma or occur in association with processes which produce nerve enlargement or narrowing of the canal. Manifestations include elbow pain and PARESTHESIA radiating distally, weakness of ulnar innervated intrinsic hand muscles, and loss of sensation over the hypothenar region, fifth finger, and ulnar aspect of the ring finger. (Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1995, Ch51, p43)
An anesthesiologist (US English) or anaesthetist (British English) is a physician trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine. Anesthesiologists are physicians who provide medical care to patients in a wide variety of (usually acute) situations. ...
Surgery is a technology consisting of a physical intervention on tissues. All forms of surgery are considered invasive procedures; so-called "noninvasive surgery" usually refers to an excision that does not penetrate the structure being exci...
Radiology is the branch of medicine that studies imaging of the body; X-ray (basic, angiography, barium swallows), ultrasound, MRI, CT and PET. These imaging techniques can be used to diagnose, but also to treat a range of conditions, by allowing visuali...